Resource Library

More adolescents and young adults living with HIV are surviving into adulthood. As a result they must transition from pediatric health services to HIV self-management and adult care. This change is particularly important as many young people have poor adherence to treatment, leading to low rates…

Significant resources have created strong ‘test and treat’ programs globally. What about those who test HIV negative? How can we strengthen linkage of HIV-negative individuals to prevention programs in ways that work for them? In our recently completed Test-And-Prevent Analysis, the OPTIONS…

The DREAMS (Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored, and Safe) Partnership aims to significantly reduce HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW). DREAMS is groundbreaking in its commitment to deliver evidence-informed approaches that go beyond the health sector…

Information from community-based health programs is important for understanding what HIV programs are doing to test, treat, and retain in care people who are living with HIV. However, until now there has been no centralized registry of community-based indicators that would allow programs to…

We assessed the relationship between distance to clinic and progression through the HIV care cascade. We have two key findings. First, distance matters but only for women. Second, for women, distance affected linkage to care, but was not associated with later transitions in the care cascade. It…

Without addressing HIV-related stigma and discrimination, the world will not achieve the goal of ending AIDS as a public health threat by 2030.

Though condom use is now higher than ever before, key gaps remain in countries and in certain populations, where use has stagnated or even decreased. To address these gaps, UNFPA in 2016 spearheaded the creation of the “20 by 20 Initiative,” a multisectoral effort to increase the number of…

The 2018 International AIDS Conference called attention to men’s low uptake of HIV testing services (HTS) and the need for greater efforts to ensure men know their status and link to treatment if they test positive for HIV. As a first step to better understanding the barriers…

Project SOAR has synthesized its learnings to-date from integrating a gender lens into its implementation science research. Our gender analysis highlights findings from across studies that are:

The Population Council leads Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Girls and Women Thrive—a UKAID-funded research programme to help end female genital…

Communities in South Africa’s informal settlements consist of ad-hoc and improvised housing whose residents seek opportunities for employment in the surrounding area. Since the settlements are unplanned, they are often underserved by municipal services, are under-represented politically, and…

February 5, 2018

Project SOAR conducts HIV operations research around the world to identify practical solutions to improve HIV prevention, care, and treatment services. This collaborative five-year project (2014–2019), funded by the U. S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief and the U. S. Agency for…

The Violence Prevention Information System (Violence Info) is a global knowledge platform for preventing violence which collates published scientific information on the main…

HIV infection continues to pose a critical risk to health in many countries. UNAIDS estimates that as of 2016 the total HIV-infected population was 36.7 million, including 1.8 million people newly infected that year. Although some 19.5 million people are receiving antiretroviral treatment, a…

Over the last several years, countries in the eastern and southern Africa (ESA) region have made significant and commendable progress in preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV and in scaling up HIV treatment efforts. However, despite these gains, there have been no significant…

The purpose of this Technical Brief is to assist Global Fund applicants in their efforts to include and expand programs to remove human rights and gender-related barriers to HIV prevention, diagnosis and treatment services. This Brief discusses the barriers these programs help to remove, the…

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) was conceived to fill the urgent need for a woman-controlled HIV prevention method. However, biomedical technology alone will not alter the underlying gender inequalities that make women and girls vulnerable to HIV. This technical brief was developed by Michele…

This supplement of JAIDS provides a compilation of health promoters and their professional allies' experiences in the field of HIV care and prevention. It is an extension and follow-up to the 2014 JAIDS Supplement entitled “Health Communication Strategies in Combination HIV…

To understand how HIV stigma operates and how it can be reduced, researchers need a standardised measurement framework. 

Stigma increases vulnerability to HIV infection and hampers prevention efforts. In 1987, the director of the WHO Global Programme on AIDS described HIV stigma as the ‘…

This brief describes the evidence on and experience with community group engagement (CGE) interventions that aim to foster healthy sexual and reproductive health (SRH) behaviors. The distinguishing characteristic of CGE interventions from other social and behavior change (SBC) interventions is…

This Knowledge Map for the HIV and AIDS Response in Namibia brings together the multisectoral HIV programme’s key outputs and themes. It provides relevant information to all actors – government, civil society, corporations, academia, beneficiaries – seeking to advance HIV prevention by working…

The prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and tuberculosis are higher in prisons than in the general population in most countries worldwide. Prisons have emerged as a risk environment for these infections to be further concentrated, amplified, and then transmitted to the…

The burden of HIV/AIDS and other transmissible diseases is higher in prison and jail settings than in the non-incarcerated communities that surround them. In this comprehensive review, we discuss available literature on the topic of clinical management of people infected with HIV, hepatitis B…

The prison setting presents not only challenges, but also opportunities, for the prevention and treatment of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis. We did a comprehensive literature search of data published between 2005 and 2015 to understand the global epidemiology of HIV, hepatitis C virus (…

Timely access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) is vital to ensuring safe motherhood and reducing vertical transmission. Treatment guidance and programming has changed dramatically in recent years. While progress has been made in improving maternal health, more is needed, including efforts to…

OVCsupport.org is a global hub on children and HIV. Its mission is to improve the lives of orphans and vulnerable children through connecting the global community and providing the most up-to-date information on HIV and other adversities.

OVCsupport.org has an extensive resource database,…

Prisoners and detainees worldwide have higher burdens of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis than the communities from which they come. This disease burden among prisoners has been recognised since the early years of these inter-related pandemics. Yet the health needs of prisoners receive…

Family planning encompasses the services, policies, information, attitudes, practices, and commodities, including contraceptives, that give women, men, couples, and adolescents the ability to avoid unintended pregnancy and choose whether and/or when to have a child. In this commentary,…