Resource Library

This report presents progress made after two years of implementation of the ESA Commitment (2013-2015). Significant progress has already been made thanks to concerted action by governments, civil society, and development partners at national and regional level.

The data presented was…

The role of STIs in the transmission dynamics of HIV epidemics is paradoxical and complex. Population-based studies have found that both the prevalence and incidence of HIV were substantially higher among people with STIs. However, randomized trials have found STI treatment to have little to no…

The Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Regional Exchange portal (SHARE - www.hivsharespace.net) is a…

The AIDSFree HIV Testing Services Community of Practice provides a forum to connect with and learn from peers working in HIV testing services around the world. Community members ask questions, share lessons learned, access the latest literature and news in HIV testing, and learn from experts—…

Fact sheet N°104

Key facts:
  • Tuberculosis (TB) is a top infectious disease killer worldwide.
  • In 2014, 9.6 million people fell ill with TB and 1.5 million died from the disease.
  • Over 95% of TB deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries,…

In 2000, malaria was identified as one of the biggest impediments to global development and selected as a critical global target of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Target 6c aimed to halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria by 2015.

This report summarizes the remarkable…

Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the world’s deadliest communicable diseases. In 2013, an estimated nine million people developed TB and 1.5 million died from the disease. Africa accounts for 25% of the world’s TB cases, with the highest rates of cases and deaths relative to population.…

Thembalethu DevelopmentThembalethu Development is a non-profit organization founded in 2002 that works in several South African…

The U.S. Government is committed and working toward the goal of Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths (EPCMD) in a generation. In June of 2014, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) released a vision for maternal health,…

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) recently updated its global targets for antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage for HIV-positive persons under which 90 % of HIV-positive people are tested, 90 % of those are on ART, and 90 % of those achieve viral suppression. Treatment…

Donor funding for HIV programs has flattened out in recent years, which limits the ability of HIV programs worldwide to achieve universal access and sustain current progress. This study examines alternative mechanisms for resource mobilization.

The Xpert MTB/RIF assay is an accurate test for the diagnosis of tuberculosis when an adequate sputum sample can be obtained; even in smear-negative tuberculosis the sensitivity is about 67%. Although the assay turnaround time is under 2 h, depending on the health-care setting, time to…

The West African Health Organization is implementing a regional approach to strengthening health workforce information systems, leveraging resources from CapacityPlus, other USAID-funded projects, donors, and global organizations. This technical brief provides an overview of this…

Increasing numbers of perinatally infected children are surviving to adolescence and adulthood. This group is emerging as a unique population and a unique challenge for policy makers, programmers and service providers, thus requiring attention and a stronger understanding of their unique needs…

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the global and country-level burden of HIV/AIDS relative to 291 other causes of disease burden from 1980-2010 using the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010) as the vehicle for exploration.

METHODS:: HIV/AIDS burden estimates were derived elsewhere as part…

As maiores epidemias do VIH na África Subsariana ou estabilizaram ou estão a mostrar sinais de declínio. Entre 2000 e 2008, 22 países da África Subsariana vivenciaram descidas de 25% ou mais nas novas infecções pelo VIH entre jovens com idades entre os 15-24 anos. Houve descidas particularmente…

Os esforços de prevenção devem ter como alvo grupos populacionais específicos e serem adaptados às suas necessidades em particular. Historicamente, os esforços para prevenção do VIH tendem a centrar-se na redução do risco de VIH entre pessoas VIH negativas ou de seroestado desconhecido,…

O objectivo desta ficha é de resumir as evidências mais recentes sobre a Prevenção da Transmissão Vertical (PTV) do VIH num formato acessível para os decisores e para servir de base para as discussões dos estados membro da SADC com o derradeiro objectivo de melhorar as políticas, programas e…

This set of five position papers was co-commissioned by AIDSTAR-One and the STRIVE research consortium to address critical issues within the field of structural interventions for prevention of sexual transmission of HIV in general populations. The papers present both academic and field-based…

In the last decade, donors have increased their funding levels and capacity-building efforts to community groups that address the needs of children and families affected by HIV and AIDS. This literature review identifies and summarizes existing research, assessments, and initiatives addressing…

In 2012 and 2013, AIDSTAR-One piloted the South-to-South Technical Exchange on Integrating PEPFAR Gender Strategies: Framework and Toolkit in collaboration with PEPFAR, Stepping Stones International in Botswana, and the Sonke Gender Justice Network in South Africa. This report summarizes the…

Many children, and the families and communities who care for them, are directly and indirectly affected by HIV and by the contexts of poverty, inequality, and social instability in which the disease has flourished. To respond to the needs of families and communities, AIDSTAR-One has conducted a…

The sub-Saharan Africa edition of Teen Talk, a question and answer guide for HIV-positive adolescents, was adapted from the Botswana version, published in 2010 by the Botswana-Baylor Children's Clinical Centre of Excellence Teen Club Program, and the original version,…

With new prevention strategies on the horizon and HIV incidence stabilizing or declining in many parts of the world, the tides are beginning to turn on the HIV epidemic. Between 2002 and 2010, new HIV infections globally declined from 3.1 million to 2.7 million. However, 33.3 million people…

The United States is the world’s leading donor in global health. We are strongly committed to working with partner nations to reach our goal of an AIDS-free generation, to ending preventable child and maternal deaths, and to supporting countries as they work to provide for the health of their…

By telling the stories of four inspiring individuals, EXPOSED brings viewers to the forefront of the race against tuberculosis. Watch the four-part series of short films on the global TB epidemic and the race to develop new tools to prevent it. The clips are available on:…

The main focus of this report is to review the risk factors for HIV among sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa, and the interventions that have been successfully implemented in this region. The report suggests components of a health sector response necessary for accelerating prevention of HIV and…