Resource Library

BACKGROUND: Women account for 56% of new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa. Multipurpose Prevention Technologies (MPTs) are promising interventions because they combine HIV prevention with a less stigmatizing indication, such as pregnancy…

As South Africa seeks to implement national policies on school-based health education and services it is important that the evidence and experiences of existing school health programs be accessible to service providers and role-players. It is for this reason that Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors…

Female adolescents from socioeconomically underserved communities in Cape Town, South Africa, who have dropped out of school, use substances, and engage in risky sex behaviour are at risk of HIV. Tailored gender-focused HIV behavioural interventions for this key population are needed to mitigate…

USAID’s Office of HIV/AIDS (OHA) and the Center for Innovation and Impact (CII) are excited to announce the launch of “V”, a human-centered design approach to addressing challenges in uptake and adherence for oral PrEP among adolescent girls and young women. “V” is designed to…

SheConquers, the South African national campaign that aims to improve the lives of adolescent girls and young women and their male peers in South Africa, held a 2-day workshop that accommodated 27 young people representing all 9 provinces from South Africa.

The objective of the meeting…

Despite many achievements, stigma, discrimination, gender inequality, violence and other human rights violations continue to make people vulnerable to the epidemic and hinder access to HIV services. AIDS activists and civil society organisations that were critical to successes to date are…

Background: There has been a notable expansion in routine health care in sub-Saharan Africa. While heath care is nominally free in many contexts, the time required to access services reflects an opportunity cost that may be substantial and highly gendered, reflecting the…

The 2018 International AIDS Conference called attention to men’s low uptake of HIV testing services (HTS) and the need for greater efforts to ensure men know their status and link to treatment if they test positive for HIV. As a first step to better understanding the barriers…

Project SOAR has synthesized its learnings to-date from integrating a gender lens into its implementation science research. Our gender analysis highlights findings from across studies that are:

Globally, adolescent girls and young women (AGYW), ages 15–24 years, are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. In 2016, approximately 400,000 of this group were newly HIV-positive. Despite the epidemiological and human rights imperative to support AGYW in remaining AIDS-free, programming to…

Jhpiego’s Gender Service Delivery Standards are a tool to assess and improve the quality of health facilities' provision of gender-sensitive, respectful care. 

While a considerable amount of information is available on the factors that contribute to HIV risk for adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in Mozambique, little is known about the characteristics of boys and men with whom AGYW engage in sexual activity and how AGYW form sexual partnerships.…

The global AIDS response is at a precarious point—partial success in saving lives and stopping new HIV infections is giving way to complacency. At the halfway point to the 2020 targets, the pace of progress is not matching the global ambition. This report is a wake-up call—action now can still…

MEASURE Evaluation works with global, national, and local partners to strengthen health information systems (HIS) in scores of countries. We have a set of prescribed results to achieve, many of which depend on successful capacity building—such as to strengthen the collection and use of routine…

It was estimated that 1.2 million people live with HIV/AIDS in Zambia by 2015. Zambia has developed and implemented diverse programs to reduce the prevalence in the country. HIV-testing is a critical step in HIV treatment and prevention, especially among all the key populations. However, there…

April 12, 2018

UNAIDS has just relaunched its Key Populations Atlas, an online tool that provides a range of information about members of key populations worldwide, including sex workers, gay men and other men who have sex with men,…

How can training new doctors and nurses in resource-limited countries cure more than people? With all the investments made in global health over the last decade, why are we still struggling to deliver care? Do we in fact have the model right? Beyond infrastructure and medicines, we need people…

Sub-Saharan Africa is heavily dependent on global health initiatives (GHIs) for funding antiretroviral therapy (ART) scale-up. There are indications that global investments for ART scale-up are flattening. It is unclear what new funding channels can bridge the funding gap for ART service…

Global experts recognize the need to transform conventional models of healthcare to create adolescent responsive health systems. As countries near 80% coverage of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for those aged 15–49 years, prioritization of younger men becomes critical to VMMC…

Many of the participants for Interagency Gender Working Group (IGWG) trainings come from a technical perspective. Whereas they might find theory interesting, they are most engaged when they have the opportunity to directly apply new knowledge to their current work. Therefore, the activities in…

This Good Practice Guide provides the rationale for gender-transformative programming, as well as tools to help civil society and community-based organisations, including Alliance Linking Organisations (LOs) and implementing partners, to integrate a gender perspective into their HIV programmes.…

The HER campaign is a collaborative platform for diverse partners to support adolescent girls and young women in countries with a high risk of HIV. Together with partners, the Global Fund has set a bold target to reduce the number of new HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women by…

In 2016, an estimated 1.5 million females aged 15-24 years were living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Eastern and Southern Africa, where the prevalence of HIV infection among adolescent girls and young women (3.4%) is more than double that for males in the same age range (1…

This toolkit aims to help international health programs integrate a gender perspective in their monitoring and evaluation (M&E) activities, measures, and reporting. 

It is designed for use by health program staff working in various health sectors (such as HIV; malaria; reproductive,…

Remarkable progress is being made on HIV treatment. Ahead of World AIDS Day, UNAIDS has launched a new report showing that access to treatment has risen significantly. In 2000, just 685 000 people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy. By June 2017, around 20.9 million people had…

Sub-Saharan Africa bears more than two-thirds of the worldwide burden of HIV; however, data among transgender women from the region are sparse. Transgender women across the world face significant vulnerability to HIV. This analysis aimed to assess HIV prevalence as well as psychosocial and…

Alcohol use is associated with increased HIV-risk behaviors, including unprotected sex and number of sex partners. Alcohol-serving venues can be places to engage in HIV-related sexual risk behaviors, but are also important sites of social support for patrons, which may mitigate risks. We sought…

This report documents progress on implementation of a Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)-funded UNESCO project that aims to strengthen sexuality education programmes for young people in school settings in Zambia. The project was conceptualized in line with the country’s…