Resource Library

INTRODUCTION: Routinely monitoring the HIV viral load (VL) of people living with HIV (PLHIV) on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) facilitates intensive…

One-C is a community-based program that seeks to increase utilization of HIV services, improve linkages to services at the community level, and encourage the adoption of HIV risk reduction behaviors. Find out about the quantitative and qualitative results emerging from SOAR’s…

4Children Lesotho completed this learning brief to document the experience of transitioning a large USAID-funded orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) project from one USAID grantee to another. In the past several years, PEPFAR countries have transitioned OVC programs to new partners or new…

In 2017, tuberculosis caused an estimated 1·6 million deaths, including 300 000 deaths among people with HIV, and surpassed HIV/AIDS to become the leading infectious cause of mortality worldwide. Approximately 36% of tuberculosis cases each year (around 3·5 million cases) are not diagnosed or…

BACKGROUND: Increased demand for healthcare services in countries experiencing high HIV disease burden and often coupled with a shortage of health workers, has necessitated task shifting from professional health workers to Lay Health Workers (LHWs) in order to improve healthcare…

This report presents the preliminary findings from an ongoing project undertaken by 4Children that seeks to identify key opportunities to incorporate violence prevention and response interventions within priority PEPFAR Program Areas at clinical and community levels. The initial focus is on HIV…

As part of its Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) guidance, the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) released Version 2.3 in September 2018, which includes revised indicators for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) programs. These indicators are intended…

The Southern African HIV Clinicians Society’s biannual conference, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, from 24-27 October 2018, focused on clinical content for HIV and TB health care workers in the region and featured a wide range of topics…

Project SOAR has synthesized its learnings to-date from integrating a gender lens into its implementation science research. Our gender analysis highlights findings from across studies that are:

This workbook is designed to assist PEPFAR orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) country programs to estimate the size of four groups of potentially vulnerable children:

  1. Children ages 0-17 years of age living in a household with at least one HIV-positive adult member age 18 or…

Intended user: Managers of PEPFAR OVC programs in Botswana, Nigeria, South Africa, and South Sudan

What: A workbook calculator to help in estimating the population size of children ages 0–17 years living in a household with at least one adult who is HIV-…

The logic model, designed by MEASURE Evaluation, complements and incorporates a series of benchmarks for assessing achievement of household case plans and determining the readiness of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) households to exit from OVC programs through graduation. 

The…

USAID and PEPFAR are supporting the Zambia Family (ZAMFAM) project to strengthen comprehensive, integrated service delivery and support to children living with, affected by, or vulnerable to HIV/AIDS (OVC) in the Lusaka, Copperbelt, Southern, and Central Provinces of Zambia. To inform that…

This Good Practice Guide provides the rationale for gender-transformative programming, as well as tools to help civil society and community-based organisations, including Alliance Linking Organisations (LOs) and implementing partners, to integrate a gender perspective into their HIV programmes.…

The study explores the experiences of volunteer community care workers working with HIV-affected families, participating in laughter therapy. Laughter therapy is being used as an intervention to positively influence individuals experiencing various forms of emotional distress. Community care…

This toolkit aims to help international health programs integrate a gender perspective in their monitoring and evaluation (M&E) activities, measures, and reporting. 

It is designed for use by health program staff working in various health sectors (such as HIV; malaria; reproductive,…

Remarkable progress is being made on HIV treatment. Ahead of World AIDS Day, UNAIDS has launched a new report showing that access to treatment has risen significantly. In 2000, just 685 000 people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy. By June 2017, around 20.9 million people had…

On the sidelines of the 2017 United Nations General Assembly, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson announced the new PEPFAR Strategy for Accelerating HIV/AIDS Epidemic Control (2017-2020). New data show that the HIV epidemic is coming under control in five African countries (Lesotho, Malawi,…

Chronic immune activation due to ongoing HIV replication may lead to impaired immune responses against opportunistic infections such as tuberculosis (TB). We studied the role of HIV replication as a risk factor for incident TB after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART).

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) was conceived to fill the urgent need for a woman-controlled HIV prevention method. However, biomedical technology alone will not alter the underlying gender inequalities that make women and girls vulnerable to HIV. This technical brief was developed by Michele…

This Excel workbook is designed to assist PEPFAR orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) country programs to estimate the size of two groups of potentially vulnerable children.

At present, four countries in the PEPFAR OVC portfolio do not have a recent DHS survey with HIV testing: Botswana,…

March 28, 2017

This Excel workbook is designed to assist PEPFAR orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) country programs to estimate the size of four groups of potentially vulnerable children.

The workbook includes point estimates and 95-percent confidence intervals at both the national and subnational…

Programs for orphans and vulnerable children need to know who most needs help. MEASURE Evaluation used population surveys to develop national and subnational estimates of children (including orphans and co-resident children) who live with at least one HIV-positive adult. 

Nearly three decades into the epidemic, sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains the region most heavily affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), with nearly 70% of the 34 million people living with HIV globally residing in the region. In SSA, female and male youth (15 to 24 years) are at a…

This study examined specific factors that explain adolescent boys’ level of motivation to undergo male circumcision (MC) in Zimbabwe. It applied the Integrated Behavioral Model (IBM) as the theoretic framework. The IBM focuses on six constructs. Three constructs are determinants of intention,…

This study used baseline data from the Orphaned and Separated Children’s Assessment Related to their Health and Well-Being Project to examine whether risky sexual behaviors and sexual exploitation in orphaned adolescents differed between family-based and institutional care environments. It…

Despite remarkable achievements in the prevention and treatment of HIV, this report finds that progress has been uneven globally. In 2015, more than half of the world’s new infections (1.1 million out of 2.1 million) were among women, children and adolescents, and nearly 2 million adolescents…

DREAMS is an ambitious $385 million partnership to reduce HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women in 10 sub-Saharan African countries. The goal of DREAMS is to help girls develop into Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored, and Safe women. Girls and young women…