Resource Library

INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a leading cause of death in Sub-Saharan Africa, including Mozambique. While diagnostic methods and…

One-C is a community-based program that seeks to increase utilization of HIV services, improve linkages to services at the community level, and encourage the adoption of HIV risk reduction behaviors. Find out about the quantitative and qualitative results emerging from SOAR’s…

Training Curriculum for Adolescent Girls and Young Women

The OPTIONS Consortium, in collaboration with Collective Action, has developed an HIV Prevention Ambassador…

BACKGROUND: Self-stigma, also known as internalised stigma, is a global public health threat because it keeps people from accessing HIV and other health services. By hampering HIV testing, treatment and prevention, self-stigma can compromise the sustainability of health…

Female adolescents from socioeconomically underserved communities in Cape Town, South Africa, who have dropped out of school, use substances, and engage in risky sex behaviour are at risk of HIV. Tailored gender-focused HIV behavioural interventions for this key population are needed to mitigate…

Young female sex-workers (FSW) aged 18-24 are at high risk of HIV due to high numbers of sexual partners, difficulty negotiating condom use, increased risk of gender-based violence, and limited access to services. Here we describe changes in sexual behaviours among young FSW across Zimbabwe…

There is evidence of increasing levels of pretreatment HIV drug resistance (PDR) in Southern Africa. We used data from two large population-based HIV surveillance studies to estimate prevalence of PDR in KwaZulu-Natal, the province with the highest HIV prevalence in South Africa. Sanger…

INTRODUCTION: Self-stigma-negative self-judgements resulting in shame, worthlessness and self-blame-may play a crucial role in emotional reactions and cause emotional distress among many people living with HIV and other chronic illnesses. Furthermore, self-stigma negatively…

BACKGROUND: Male circumcision (MC) reduces men's risk of contracting HIV by approximately 60% and has the potential to significantly alter HIV epidemics. However, MC does not significantly reduce the risk of HIV transmission to women from a circumcised man. In Malawi, several…

Hazardous drinking is a risk factor associated with sexual risk, gender-based violence, and HIV transmission in South Africa. Consequently, sound and appropriate measurement of drinking behavior is critical to determining what constitutes hazardous drinking. Many research studies use internal…

Stigma and discrimination affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people compromise health and human rights and exacerbate the HIV epidemic. Scant research has explored effective LGBT stigma reduction strategies in low- and middle-income countries. We developed and pilot-tested…

Background: Persons with acute HIV infection (AHI) have heightened transmission risk. We evaluated potential transmission reduction using behavioral and biomedical interventions in a randomized controlled pilot study in Malawi.

Methods: Persons were…

There has been a proliferation of organizations in Zambia touting the mobilization of traditional games as a tool to prevent HIV. However, there is a dearth of evidence on how culturally important activities like traditional games are being incorporated into programing. The purpose of this study…

Objectives: One of the factors linked to South Africa's relatively high maternal mortality ratio is late utilization of antenatal care (ANC). Early utilization is especially important in South Africa due to the high HIV prevalence amongst pregnant women. This study examined the…

Tsogolo la Thanzi (TLT) was designed to study how young adults navigate sexual relationships and childbearing during a generalized HIV epidemic. TLT began in 2009 with a population-representative sample of 1,505 women and 574 men between the ages of 15 and 25 living in Balaka, southern Malawi,…

The emergence and expansion of the multidrug-resistant tuberculosis epidemic is a threat to the global control of tuberculosis. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis is the result of the selection of resistance-conferring mutations during inadequate antituberculosis treatment. However, HIV has a…

Background: An increasingly diverse body of students is entering university in South Africa. HIV and tuberculosis (TB) are pressing health issues for this vulnerable population and the university campus offers an opportunity to intervene with health promotion activities.

Men’s involvement in the health of their partners and children can play an important role in improving health outcomes. Many interventions in reproductive, maternal, and child health adopt strategies that seek to increase men’s positive, equitable, and supportive involvement. This study used…

BACKGROUND: In preventing the transfer of HIV to their children, the Ministry of Health in Mozambique recommends all…

INTRODUCTION: While young people in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are at greatest risk of HIV acquisition, uptake of HIV prevention interventions among them has been limited. Interventions delivered through social connections have changed behaviour in many settings, but not to date…

The PrEP Communications Accelerator is a free interactive, digital resource that supports national governments, program implementers, and health practitioners to develop marketing and communications that drive demand for PrEP in sub-Saharan Africa. Both easy-to-use and information-rich, the…

This four-minute video of a participatory demonstration by Bridges of Hope Training of some 'edutainment' activities around…

The Southern African HIV Clinicians Society’s biannual conference, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, from 24-27 October 2018, focused on clinical content for HIV and TB health care workers in the region and featured a wide range of topics…

Zero Discrimination Day is a commemorated each year across the globe on 1 March. This year, UNAIDS highlighted the right of everyone to be free from discrimination. No one should ever be discriminated against because of their age, sex, gender identity, sexual…

This study sought to assess the prevalence of HIV risk behaviour among sexually active HIV sero-negative individuals in the Tshwane district of South Africa. The study found that a large segment of sexually active people in the Tshwane district of SA have high risk exposure to HIV. The detection…

In 2013, Uganda updated its prevention of maternal-to-child transmission of HIV program to Option B+, which requires that all HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women be started on lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) regardless of CD4 count.…

The objectives of this program are to encourage behavior change among inmates and prison staff to reduce the risk of HIV and tuberculosis (TB) by educating them about the contributing factors and encouraging use of available health services. This guide provides peer educators with activities and…

HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) poses a threat to future antiretroviral therapy success. Monitoring HIVDR patterns is of particular importance in populations such as sex workers (SWs), where documented HIV prevalence is between 34-89%, and in countries with limited therapeutic options. Currently in…