Resource Library

The impact and efficiency of HIV testing services can be further improved by targeting testing in networks of PLHIV who are not yet virally suppressed. This new project brief from the LINKAGES projects provides clear and concise…

To successfully link to care, persons living with HIV must negotiate a complex series of processes from HIV diagnosis through initial engagement with HIV care systems and providers. Despite the complexity involved, linkage to care is often oversimplified and portrayed as a single referral step.…

Training Curriculum for Adolescent Girls and Young Women

The OPTIONS Consortium, in collaboration with Collective Action, has developed an HIV Prevention Ambassador…

BACKGROUND: In Botswana, one fifth of the adult population is infected with HIV, with young women most at risk. Structural factors such as poverty, poor education, strong gender inequalities and gender violence render many young women unable to act on choices to protect…

BACKGROUND: Engagement with community adolescent treatment supporters (CATS) improves adherence, psychosocial well-being, linkage and retention in care among adolescents living with HIV. However, there is an urgent need for empirical evidence of the effectiveness of this…

Objective: To study retention in care (RIC) trajectories and associated factors in patients eligible for antiretroviral therapy (ART) in a universal test-and-treat setting (TasP trial, South Africa, 2012–2016).

Design: A cluster-randomized trial whereby…

Background

Initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) following diagnosis of HIV infection at birth is an emerging area of paediatric HIV care. We present outcomes of HIV-infected infants identified at birth at Rahima Moosa Mother and Child Hospital in Johannesburg,…

This Framework is a practical tool to guide HIV programme managers on how to consider HIV testing and linkage services differently. The structured approach to performing the situation analysis and building HIV testing service delivery models is aimed at helping countries reach the first 90.…

HIV in Mauritius is in a concentrated phase. Most HIV infection is among key populations (KPs) including female sex workers (FSW), people who inject drugs (PWID), men who have sex with men (MSM), and transgender sex workers (TGSW). The objective of this research was to use geographical mapping…

This case study is about the Consortium of MSM and Transgender Networks (the Consortium), a groundbreaking collaboration of global and regional networks by and for men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people. It describes the Consortium’s achievements, good practices and lessons…

April 12, 2018

UNAIDS has just relaunched its Key Populations Atlas, an online tool that provides a range of information about members of key populations worldwide, including sex workers, gay men and other men who have sex with men,…

Malawi, like other countries with a generalized HIV epidemic, is striving to reach the ambitious targets set by UNAIDS known as the three 90's for testing, provision of antiretroviral therapy and viral suppression. Assisted by Malawi's progressive policies on HIV/AIDS, it appears possible that…

Global experts recognize the need to transform conventional models of healthcare to create adolescent responsive health systems. As countries near 80% coverage of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for those aged 15–49 years, prioritization of younger men becomes critical to VMMC…

HPTN 071 (PopART) is a three-arm community randomized trial in Zambia and South Africa evaluating the impact of a combination HIV prevention package, including universal test and treat (UTT), on HIV incidence. This nested study examined factors associated with timely linkage-to-care and ART…

An essential first step in caring for HIV-infected children is accurate and early diagnosis of HIV, early HIV testing, prompt return of results, and rapid initiation of treatment. Survival of HIV‐infected infants depends on a robust early infant diagnosis (EID) system that allows for tracking of…

Background

Immediate initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in asymptomatic adults with CD4 counts higher than 500 cells per μL, as recommended, might not always be possible in resource-limited settings. We…

The South African National Aids Council (SANAC) launched South Africa’s first ever LGBTI HIV Plan at a satellite session during this year’s SA AIDS Conference at Durban’s Inkosi Albert Luthuli International Convention Centre.

The LGBTI HIV Plan is a strategic guide…

The objectives of this program are to encourage behavior change among inmates and prison staff to reduce the risk of HIV and tuberculosis (TB) by educating them about the contributing factors and encouraging use of available health services. This guide provides peer educators with activities and…

Despite sub-Saharan Africa [SSA] constituting just 12% of the world’s population, the region has the highest burden of HIV with 70% of HIV infection in general and 80% of new infections among young people occuring in the region. Diverse intervention programmes have been implemented among young…

In late 2015, the Linkages Across the Continuum of HIV Services for Key Populations (LINKAGES) project established a global acceleration initiative to fast-track and strengthen delivery of a comprehensive package of health services for key populations (KPs) at scale. In this context, “…

This video series explores key questions that may arise from having a Christian Faith and living with HIV, and will be useful for a range of audiences. The video topics represent the common issues in the journey of a Christian diagnosed with HIV.

Sub-Saharan Africa bears more than two-thirds of the worldwide burden of HIV; however, data among transgender women from the region are sparse. Transgender women across the world face significant vulnerability to HIV. This analysis aimed to assess HIV prevalence as well as psychosocial and…

In all countries where there is an HIV epidemic, certain subgroups of the population are at greater risk of HIV than others. These “key” populations include female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender people, and people who inject drugs.

While biological and…

Providing HIV testing at health facilities remains the most common approach to ensuring access to HIV treatment and prevention services for the millions of undiagnosed HIV-infected individuals in sub-Saharan Africa. We sought to explore the costs of providing these services across three southern…

Alcohol use is associated with increased HIV-risk behaviors, including unprotected sex and number of sex partners. Alcohol-serving venues can be places to engage in HIV-related sexual risk behaviors, but are also important sites of social support for patrons, which may mitigate risks. We sought…

The AIDSFree HIV Testing Services (HTS) Guidance Database has been updated with new guidelines from many PEPFAR priority countries. The database features HTS guidelines & policies on consent and confidentiality, testing algorithms & strategies, use of mandatory testing, quality assurance…

Objective: To determine the uptake of home-based HIV counselling and testing (HCT) in four communities of the HPTN 071 (PopART) trial in Zambia among adolescents aged 15–19 years and explore factors associated with HCT uptake.

Design: The…

HIV testing constitutes a key step along the continuum of HIV care. Men who have sex with men (MSM) have low HIV testing rates and delayed diagnosis, especially in low-resource settings. Peer-led interventions offer a strategy to increase testing rates in this population. This systematic review…