Resource Library

The development of topical inserts for the prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), particularly human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), represents a promising alternative to oral and parenteral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) dosage forms. They may be used for vaginal and/or rectal…

June 13, 2019

The Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes (ECHO) Study is an open-label randomised clinical trial comparing three highly effective, reversible methods of contraception — a progestogen-only injectable called depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), a levonorgestrel implant and the…

Rural communities comprise about 40% of the country’s population of 57.8 million but, historically, these areas are the last to be considered when it comes to health provision by national, provincial and local authorities. The Protecting Healthcare in Times of Economic Crisis Report…

The ring introduction matrix is an early-stage implementation tool intended to help policymakers and implementers consider the introduction of the dapivirine ring alongside oral PrEP.

February 5, 2019

The PrEP Costing Guidelines provide a framework for estimating the cost of providing pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), which is the use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs for preventing the acquisition of HIV infection. They are intended to provide a PrEP-specific resource for costing that could be…

With funding from PEPFAR, the Human Resources for Health in 2030 (HRH2030) has developed, piloted, and field-tested a tool to help health facility staff and district health management teams optimize their health workforce for the roll-out of “Test and Start” utilizing …

Despite being designed for autonomous use, research suggests partner approval is often necessary in women's microbicide use. Microbicide study participants have described many ways product use affects relationships, from improving sexual pleasure to increasing harm, including exacerbating…

The Southern African HIV Clinicians Society’s biannual conference, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, from 24-27 October 2018, focused on clinical content for HIV and TB health care workers in the region and featured a wide range of topics…

As everyone in the field is aware, the NIH conducted an input process last year that concluded with a release of new HIV prevention research priorities that favor long acting, systemic formulations (like vaccines, implants and injectables) and negate the need for short acting, user-controlled,…

This photo story, about implementing the CHARISMA intervention pilot in Johannesburg, South Africa, illustrates how the pilot unfolded, starting with CHARISMA lay counselors conducting relationship assessments in 2016 with women using the vaginal dapivirine ring for HIV prevention in the MTN-025…

The International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM) 2017 annual report takes a look at promising woman-centered technologies that could expand women's prevention options and help empower them to protect their sexual and reproductive health on their own terms. Available in …

Jhpiego’s Gender Service Delivery Standards are a tool to assess and improve the quality of health facilities' provision of gender-sensitive, respectful care. 

In 2015, several condom manufacturers joined donor agencies to form a coalition whose main goal is to provide 20 billion condoms to low and middle-income countries by 2020. Between August and October 2017, AIDSFree conducted research on barriers that prevent condom manufacturers from entering…

A step-by-step framework for planning the introduction of PrEP

Building a program to introduce PrEP effectively requires action on many levels. Some steps need to be done in sequence, others can be done simultaneously. This framework outlines the steps in this process…

Swaziland has one of the highest adult HIV prevalence rates worldwide, 27%; with approximately 200,000 people 15 years and older living with HIV. Swaziland and many other countries in sub-Saharan Africa have adopted universal test-and-treat (UTT) policies. As the number of people needing and…

Background

The well-documented shortages of health care workers (HCWs) in sub-Saharan Africa are further intensified by the increased human resource needs of expanding HIV treatment programs. Burnout…

Written in plain terms and organized for quick review, the popular Family Planning: A Global Handbook for Providers offers clinic-based health care professionals in low- and middle-income countries the latest guidance on providing contraceptive methods. Updated to include expanded…

Condoms have long been an important tool in preventing not only the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, but also preventing unwanted pregnancies. How can we expand these services and improve their usage? AIDSFree has pulled together over a dozen essential resources on…

Remarkable progress is being made on HIV treatment. Ahead of World AIDS Day, UNAIDS has launched a new report showing that access to treatment has risen significantly. In 2000, just 685 000 people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy. By June 2017, around 20.9 million people had…

In late 2015, the Linkages Across the Continuum of HIV Services for Key Populations (LINKAGES) project established a global acceleration initiative to fast-track and strengthen delivery of a comprehensive package of health services for key populations (KPs) at scale. In this context, “…

Fungi are major contributors to the opportunistic infections that affect patients with HIV/AIDS. Systemic infections are mainly with Pneumocystis jirovecii (pneumocystosis), Cryptococcus neoformans (cryptococcosis), Histoplasma capsulatum (histoplasmosis), and 

A Decision Framework for ART Delivery for children, adolescents and pregnant and breastfeeding women, or the Decision Framework for Specific Populations as it is referred to throughout this document for ease, is aimed at supporting HIV programme managers at the national and…

To mark the 9th IAS Conference on HIV Science, the Lancet journals have made a selection of content free that reflects some of the breadth and diversity of clinical, epidemiological, and operational HIV research produced by the tireless global HIV community. The content includes…

Topical prevention of HIV and other STIs is a global health priority. To provide options for users, developers have worked to design safe, effective and acceptable vaginal dissolving film formulations. We aimed to characterize user experiences of vaginal film size, texture and color, and their…

Women globally need access to multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs) that prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), sexually transmitted infections that increase HIV acquisition/transmission risk, and unintended pregnancy. Seeking an MPT with activity against HIV, herpes simplex virus-2 (…

Facility-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) provision for stable patients with HIV congests health services in resource-limited countries. We assessed outcomes and risk factors for attrition after decentralization to community-based ART refill centers among 2603 patients with HIV in Kinshasa,…

In many ways, a fully functioning health workforce drives the well-being of communities, regions, and entire countries. Policy-makers at the national level can use reliable data to make decisions about where and what type of health workers are needed based on population health needs. A facility…