Resource Library

Background
There has been a heightened emphasis on prioritizing data to inform evidence-based HIV responses, including data focused on both defining the content and scale of HIV programs in response to evidence-based need. Consequently, population size estimation (PSE)…

Background: Antiretroviral treatment (ART) reduces HIV infectiousness but the effect of early ART on sexual behaviour is unclear.

Methods: We assessed, within the START randomized trial that enrolled HIV-positive adults with CD4+ cell count greater than…

The impact and efficiency of HIV testing services can be further improved by targeting testing in networks of PLHIV who are not yet virally suppressed. This new project brief from the LINKAGES projects provides clear and concise…

The development of topical inserts for the prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), particularly human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), represents a promising alternative to oral and parenteral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) dosage forms. They may be used for vaginal and/or rectal…

Training Curriculum for Adolescent Girls and Young Women

The OPTIONS Consortium, in collaboration with Collective Action, has developed an HIV Prevention Ambassador…

June 13, 2019

The Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes (ECHO) Study is an open-label randomised clinical trial comparing three highly effective, reversible methods of contraception — a progestogen-only injectable called depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), a levonorgestrel implant and the…

Background: The level of evidence for HIV transmission risk through condomless sex in serodifferent gay couples with the HIV-positive partner taking virally suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART) is limited compared with the evidence available for transmission risk in…

BACKGROUND: In Botswana, one fifth of the adult population is infected with HIV, with young women most at risk. Structural factors such as poverty, poor education, strong gender inequalities and gender violence render many young women unable to act on choices to protect…

BACKGROUND: Engagement with community adolescent treatment supporters (CATS) improves adherence, psychosocial well-being, linkage and retention in care among adolescents living with HIV. However, there is an urgent need for empirical evidence of the effectiveness of this…

Male sex workers are marginalized in most societies due to intersectional stigma between prostitution and homosexuality. In Zimbabwe, a proliferation of male sex workers in major cities such as Harare and Bulawayo has been reported. However, there is a shortage of studies that explore their…

The ring introduction matrix is an early-stage implementation tool intended to help policymakers and implementers consider the introduction of the dapivirine ring alongside oral PrEP.

MEASURE Evaluation’s PLACE method builds local capacity to find HIV-positive people who are not on treatment, who may not know their HIV status, and who therefore are at risk of infecting others. The HIV/AIDS epidemic is often concentrated among “key populations”—men who have sex…

Despite being designed for autonomous use, research suggests partner approval is often necessary in women's microbicide use. Microbicide study participants have described many ways product use affects relationships, from improving sexual pleasure to increasing harm, including exacerbating…

The Southern African HIV Clinicians Society’s biannual conference, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, from 24-27 October 2018, focused on clinical content for HIV and TB health care workers in the region and featured a wide range of topics…

As everyone in the field is aware, the NIH conducted an input process last year that concluded with a release of new HIV prevention research priorities that favor long acting, systemic formulations (like vaccines, implants and injectables) and negate the need for short acting, user-controlled,…

This photo story, about implementing the CHARISMA intervention pilot in Johannesburg, South Africa, illustrates how the pilot unfolded, starting with CHARISMA lay counselors conducting relationship assessments in 2016 with women using the vaginal dapivirine ring for HIV prevention in the MTN-025…

The International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM) 2017 annual report takes a look at promising woman-centered technologies that could expand women's prevention options and help empower them to protect their sexual and reproductive health on their own terms. Available in …

The USAID- and PEPFAR-supported LINKAGES project is excited to announce the arrival of a new…

This Framework draws purposeful attention to men who have sex with men, transgender people, people who inject drugs and sex workers. The framework outlines the methodology for identifying specific challenges, deciding what DSD models may solve these challenges and how to systematically adapt or…

The LINKAGES project quarterly research digest comprises article abstracts from the peer-reviewed literature related to HIV and key populations in Africa, Asia and Pacific, Eastern Europe, Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Middle East.

This resource keeps you in touch with the…

HIV in Mauritius is in a concentrated phase. Most HIV infection is among key populations (KPs) including female sex workers (FSW), people who inject drugs (PWID), men who have sex with men (MSM), and transgender sex workers (TGSW). The objective of this research was to use geographical mapping…

This case study is about the Consortium of MSM and Transgender Networks (the Consortium), a groundbreaking collaboration of global and regional networks by and for men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people. It describes the Consortium’s achievements, good practices and lessons…

April 12, 2018

UNAIDS has just relaunched its Key Populations Atlas, an online tool that provides a range of information about members of key populations worldwide, including sex workers, gay men and other men who have sex with men,…

Malawi, like other countries with a generalized HIV epidemic, is striving to reach the ambitious targets set by UNAIDS known as the three 90's for testing, provision of antiretroviral therapy and viral suppression. Assisted by Malawi's progressive policies on HIV/AIDS, it appears possible that…

Global experts recognize the need to transform conventional models of healthcare to create adolescent responsive health systems. As countries near 80% coverage of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for those aged 15–49 years, prioritization of younger men becomes critical to VMMC…

Written in plain terms and organized for quick review, the popular Family Planning: A Global Handbook for Providers offers clinic-based health care professionals in low- and middle-income countries the latest guidance on providing contraceptive methods. Updated to include expanded…

The South African National Aids Council (SANAC) launched South Africa’s first ever LGBTI HIV Plan at a satellite session during this year’s SA AIDS Conference at Durban’s Inkosi Albert Luthuli International Convention Centre.

The LGBTI HIV Plan is a strategic guide…