Resource Library

Background: 

Men living with HIV (MLHIV) have a high burden of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancer. Understanding serological dynamics of HPV in men can guide decisions on introducing HPV vaccination and monitoring impact. We determined HPV seroprevalence and evaluated factors…

This publication marks the 25th anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. It is dedicated to the women leaders and allied community mobilizers who have devoted their lives to advancing the human rights and dignity of all people affected by the HIV epidemic, and to opposing…

Selling sex has been illegal in South Africa since at least the early 1900s and buying sex was criminalised in 2007. South African laws also prohibit other aspects of sex work, including running or owning a brothel, living off the earnings of “prostitution,” and enticing a woman into “…

From January 2016 to December 2018, AIDSFree Lesotho provided technical assistance to two civil society organizations: the Lesotho Network of AIDS Service Organizations and the Lesotho Network of People Living with HIV and AIDS. In 2018, the project extended its services to two other…

Increasing numbers of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in sub-Saharan Africa are experiencing failure of first-line antiretroviral therapy and transitioning onto second-line regimens. However, there is a dearth of research on their treatment experiences. We conducted in-…

4Children Lesotho completed this learning brief to document the experience of transitioning a large USAID-funded orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) project from one USAID grantee to another. In the past several years, PEPFAR countries have transitioned OVC programs to new partners or new…

BACKGROUND: Expanded HIV prevention options are needed to increase uptake of HIV prevention among women, especially in generalized epidemics. As the dapivirine vaginal ring moves forward through regulatory review and open-label extension studies, the potential public health…

More adolescents and young adults living with HIV are surviving into adulthood. As a result they must transition from pediatric health services to HIV self-management and adult care. This change is particularly important as many young people have poor adherence to treatment, leading to low rates…

Increasing numbers of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in sub-Saharan Africa are experiencing failure of first-line antiretroviral therapy and transitioning onto second-line regimens. However, there is a dearth of research on their treatment experiences. We conducted in-depth interviews with 43…

Despite public health interventions targeting sex workers in an attempt to increase condom use, HIV still remains a significant health issue for those involved in the sex industry in many countries. In this paper, we analyse data collected as part of an ethnographic study of sex work in Soweto,…

Rural communities comprise about 40% of the country’s population of 57.8 million but, historically, these areas are the last to be considered when it comes to health provision by national, provincial and local authorities. The Protecting Healthcare in Times of Economic Crisis Report…

One policy reform aimed at maintaining the critical role of civil society in the HIV response in concert with domestic resource mobilization efforts is the development of government-led mechanisms to finance civil society through formalized contractual channels. Such partnerships between…

Update on recommendations on antiretroviral regimens for treating and preventing HIV infection: In 2016, WHO published the consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection and recommended tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (…

BACKGROUND: In Malawi's PMTCT Option B+ program, HIV-infected pregnant women who are already receiving ART are continued on…

Despite many achievements, stigma, discrimination, gender inequality, violence and other human rights violations continue to make people vulnerable to the epidemic and hinder access to HIV services. AIDS activists and civil society organisations that were critical to successes to date are…

The Southern African HIV Clinicians Society’s biannual conference, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, from 24-27 October 2018, focused on clinical content for HIV and TB health care workers in the region and featured a wide range of topics…

As everyone in the field is aware, the NIH conducted an input process last year that concluded with a release of new HIV prevention research priorities that favor long acting, systemic formulations (like vaccines, implants and injectables) and negate the need for short acting, user-controlled,…

This first progress report shows that members of the Global HIV Prevention Coalition have mobilized around strengthening HIV primary prevention. There are clear signs of renewed political commitment and strengthened institutional arrangements for planning and managing prevention programmes. Most…

Much has changed since the global HIV community convened at the previous International AIDS conference in Durban in 2016. Advances in science have been significant, including widespread acceptance that HIV is untransmittable with an undetectable viral load, increased PrEP rollout, innovative…

Over the past two decades, the landscape of medications used to treat HIV has evolved rapidly. Treatment options have improved dramatically with the development and availability of more efficacious, safer, and more tolerable antiretrovirals (ARVs). These options allow national…

April 12, 2018

UNAIDS has just relaunched its Key Populations Atlas, an online tool that provides a range of information about members of key populations worldwide, including sex workers, gay men and other men who have sex with men,…

Uganda has experienced cases of tetanus in the safe male circumcision (SMC) program for HIV prevention. Gulu district begun implementation of tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccination of men prior to SMC in 2015. However, there is concern that the introduction of the vaccine in SMC may lead to reduced…

This guide will provide you with practical information and tools you need to get started working on TB.

It provides you with easy-to-understand information on TB/HIV, highlights the kinds of TB/HIV activities community organisations can support, discusses how to engage…

This Good Practice Guide provides the rationale for gender-transformative programming, as well as tools to help civil society and community-based organisations, including Alliance Linking Organisations (LOs) and implementing partners, to integrate a gender perspective into their HIV programmes.…

Data on carcinogenicity of human papillomavirus (HPV) types in the anus are needed to inform anal cancer prevention through vaccination and screening. This is particularly the case for people infected with HIV, who are at an increased risk of anal cancer.

The International technical guidance on sexuality education (the Guidance) was developed to assist education, health and other relevant authorities in the development and implementation of school-based and out-of-school comprehensive sexuality education programmes and materials. It is…

Remarkable progress is being made on HIV treatment. Ahead of World AIDS Day, UNAIDS has launched a new report showing that access to treatment has risen significantly. In 2000, just 685 000 people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy. By June 2017, around 20.9 million people had…

The Pediatric-Adolescent Treatment Africa (PATA) and the Positive Action for Children Fund (PACF) have worked across 9 countries and facilitated 36 clinic-community collaborations through their partnership on the three-year Clinic-CBO Collaboration (C3) Programme, which aims to…