Resource Library

South Africa is committed to attaining the UNAIDS 909090 targets to control the HIV epidemic through quality comprehensive health services and use of highly effective antiretroviral treatment (ART). The principal goal of ART is to attain and maintain viral suppression, which will decrease…

Recent developments in health practices that were once in the full control of healthcare professionals and can now be safely self-administered have created a shift in thinking about how individuals engage in self-care. New commodities and drug regimens for self-management and self-testing,…

In 2016, the United Nations General Assembly’s Political Declaration on Ending AIDS committed countries to the 90–90–90 targets, which aim to bring HIV testing and treatment to the vast majority of people living with HIV by the end of 2020 and to reduce the amount of HIV in their bodies to…

September 22, 2020

What is an Ideal Clinic?

An Ideal Clinic is defined as a clinic with good infrastructure, adequate staff, adequate medicine and supplies, good administrative processes, and sufficient adequate bulk supplies. It uses applicable clinical policies, protocols and guidelines…

Global action to combat HIV/AIDS has had an immense impact in the African Region. By the end of 2017, 15.3 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the African Region were accessing life-saving antiretroviral drugs (ARVs), representing 70% of the 21.7 million people accessing antiretrovirals (…

Background: 

Undetermined attrition prohibits full understanding of the coverage and effectiveness of HIV programs. Outcomes following loss to follow-up (LTFU) among antiretroviral therapy (ART) patients may differ according to their reasons for ART initiation.

Background

HIV-1 risk scoring tools could help target provision of prevention modalities such as pre-exposure prophylaxis. Recent research suggests that risk scores for women aged 18–45 may not predict risk well among young women aged 18–24. We evaluated the predictive…

Introduction

There is a growing interest in adolescent motherhood and HIV among policymakers and programme implementers. To better shape services and health outcomes, we need evidence on reproductive aspirations and contraception use in this high‐risk…

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the inadequacy of investments in public health, the persistence of profound economic and social inequalities and the fragility of many key global systems and approaches.

Given the epic dimensions of the emergency, the world needs unity and solidarity—led…

 

To mark International Self-Care Day, Population Services International and partners under the Self-Care Trailblazers Working Group are sharing a new Quality of Care Framework for Self-Care to help health systems monitor and support clients accessing health care on their own—without…

Introduction

HIV continues to devastate the adolescent population in sub‐Saharan Africa (SSA). The complex array of interpersonal, social, structural and system‐level obstacles specific to adolescents have slowed progress in prevention and treatment of HIV in this…

Introduction

The “DREAMS Partnership” promotes a multi‐sectoral approach to reduce adolescent girls and young women's (AGYW) vulnerability to HIV in sub‐Saharan Africa. Despite widespread calls to combine structural, behavioural and biomedical HIV prevention…

The Knowledge Hub is the CPD's solution for the National Department of Health. This hub will help you build your competence and improve your professional skills. The KH provides you:

  • Relevant CPD opportunities: Access professional development opportunities,…

Introduction

Despite existing health strategies and guidelines developed to counteract the problem of mother-to-child HIV transmission, it seems that only a certain number of HIV-exposed children aged under five years are managed properly. Poor implementation of…

Introduction: 

In South Africa, evidence shows high HIV prevalence in older populations, with sexual behavior consistent with high HIV acquisition and transmission risk. However, there is a dearth of evidence on older people's HIV incidence.

Methods: …

On July 29, AVAC held a webinar Understanding the EMA Opinion: Next Steps for Dapivirine Vaginal Ring for advocates to learn about next steps on the regulatory process and implications for rollout from advocates, International Partnership for…

Despite the body of evidence on heterosexual men’s inequitable access to HIV prevention, testing and antiretroviral therapy (ART) [1, …

Introduction

In Kenya, men who have sex with men (MSM) are increasingly using virtual sites, including web‐based apps, to meet sex partners. We examined HIV testing, HIV prevalence, awareness of HIV‐positive status and linkage to antiretroviral therapy (…

Little was known of SARS-CoV-2 a few months ago. However, since then this highly-contagious virus has spread worldwide and has created enormous turmoil all around the world. It has caused major devastation to health, economies, education and has percolated through almost all aspects of daily…

Health care providers have great potential to be powerful change agents. As they overcome biases and offer quality, gender-sensitive, transformative services, they can help clients make voluntary and informed decisions about their family planning needs, improving both gender equality and…

When sick children arrive at primary health care (PHC) facilities, it is critical that they are appropriately screened, diagnosed, and managed, and if needed, referred to urgent care without delay. Clinical signs alone do not detect all indicators of severe illness in children. In order for…

Introduction

As adolescents and young people living with HIV (AYLH) age, they face a “transition cascade,” a series of steps associated with transitions in their care as they become responsible for their own healthcare. In high‐income countries, this usually includes…

Some shifts that countries set in motion within their health systems and economies to adapt to the COVID-19 pandemic threaten to deprioritize the urgent, ongoing needs of people living with HIV and derail decades of hard-won progress in the response to HIV, TB and other diseases.

A…

Thirty years into the HIV response, there is growing recognition that engaging men will be key to reaching the global UNAIDS fast‐track targets of 90‐90‐90 by the end of 2020 – whereby 90% of people living with HIV know their status, 90% of those who know they are positive are on antiretroviral…

Background

HIV diagnosis is a critical step in linking HIV-infected individuals to care and treatment and linking HIV-uninfected persons to prevention services. However, the uptake of HIV testing remains low in many countries. HIV self-screening (HIVSS) is acceptable to…

The National Strategic Plan for HIV, TB and STIs (NSP) 2017-2022 Mid Term Review (MTR) was an in-depth analysis of the NSP implementation, with the aim to illustrate progress made towards reaching the NSP targets across the eight NSP goals. The review focused on the first half of the NSP term (…

According to the recent Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes Study (ECHO) (Box 1) (1), the incidence of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remains high among adolescent girls and women in parts of East and Southern Africa. But, there and elsewhere,…

COVID-19 is a global pandemic with currently more than 3 million people infected and over 250,000 deaths. Many HIV programs funded by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) are trying to develop mitigation plans to ensure that essential services are still available for…