Resource Library

A recent report, Decentralized Distribution of Antiretroviral Therapy through the Private Sector: A Strategic Guide for Scale-up, reviewed three decentralized distribution models—community pharmacy (CP), automated dispensing models, and private hospital models—that can make services…

This publication marks the 25th anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. It is dedicated to the women leaders and allied community mobilizers who have devoted their lives to advancing the human rights and dignity of all people affected by the HIV epidemic, and to opposing…

Selling sex has been illegal in South Africa since at least the early 1900s and buying sex was criminalised in 2007. South African laws also prohibit other aspects of sex work, including running or owning a brothel, living off the earnings of “prostitution,” and enticing a woman into “…

Background
There has been a heightened emphasis on prioritizing data to inform evidence-based HIV responses, including data focused on both defining the content and scale of HIV programs in response to evidence-based need. Consequently, population size estimation (PSE)…

COVID-19 is a serious disease and all people living with HIV should take all recommended preventive measures to minimize exposure to, and prevent infection by, the virus that causes COVID-19. As in the general population, older people living with HIV or people living with HIV with heart or lung…

Right now, we are facing an unpredictable and highly dynamic situation as a global community. However, as we have seen from the solidarity, support and power of communities in the HIV epidemic and already in communities responding to the COVID-19 pandemic…

As COVID-19 disrupts health systems and impacts human health globally, it is crucial to protect those most affected by COVID-19, sustain gains made to address other infectious diseases, and maintain people’s access to life-saving health services. One of the most prominent priorities during the…

This 22nd edition of the South African Health Review (SAHR) is offered in memory of Health Systems Trust board member, and health activist extraordinaire, Professor David Sanders. 

The purpose of the SAHR has always been to analyse and assess progress and challenges in key areas of the…

The District Health Barometer (DHB) has helped to address a significant challenge in the South African public health sector, namely the challenge of accurately measuring change and progress over time, and effecting the necessary interventions. This challenge has been compounded by incomplete and…

Many national HIV programs face workforce challenges that hinder the sustainable achievement of 95-95-95 targets. Challenges for health and social service workers include: shortages; maldistribution; competency gaps or inappropriate skills mix; poor allocation of staff and tasks; high turnover;…

Background: Efficient and scalable models for HIV treatment are needed to maximize health outcomes with available resources. By adapting services to client needs, differentiated antiretroviral therapy (DART) has the potential to use resources more efficiently. We conducted a…

Background: Stakeholders question whether implementation science (IS) is successful in conducting rigorous science that expedites the inclusion of health innovations into policies and accelerates the pace and scale of health service delivery into clinical and public health…

BACKGROUND: Most countries have formally adopted the World Health Organization's 2015 recommendation of universal HIV treatment ("treat all"). However, there are few rigorous assessments of the real-world impact of treat all policies on antiretroviral treatment (ART…

BACKGROUND: The NEVEREST-3 (South Africa) and MONOD-ANRS-12206 (Cote d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso) randomized trials found that switching to efavirenz (…

From January 2016 to December 2018, AIDSFree Lesotho provided technical assistance to two civil society organizations: the Lesotho Network of AIDS Service Organizations and the Lesotho Network of People Living with HIV and AIDS. In 2018, the project extended its services to two other…

The Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Regional Exchange (SHARE) is pleased to present the latest issue of the research digest. The digest offers article abstracts from peer-reviewed literature related to HIV and AIDS in southern Africa and is designed to keep you in touch with the rapidly expanding…

Increasing numbers of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in sub-Saharan Africa are experiencing failure of first-line antiretroviral therapy and transitioning onto second-line regimens. However, there is a dearth of research on their treatment experiences. We conducted in-…

4Children Lesotho completed this learning brief to document the experience of transitioning a large USAID-funded orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) project from one USAID grantee to another. In the past several years, PEPFAR countries have transitioned OVC programs to new partners or new…

Botswana has among the highest level of HIV viral suppression globally, yet HIV incidence remains > 1% per year in adults aged 15 to 49. Although causes of this continued elevated incidence have been postulated, a firm understanding remains elusive, especially in the presence of a highly…

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is a region associated with both high rates of population mobility – mostly associated with movement within and across national borders to access improved livelihood opportunities – and a high prevalence of communicable diseases, notably HIV and…

The Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Regional Exchange (SHARE) is pleased to present our 9th issue of the research digest. The digest offers article abstracts from peer-reviewed literature related to HIV and AIDS in southern Africa and is designed to keep you in touch with the rapidly expanding…

This report documents the results of a baseline assessment carried out in South Africa to support its efforts to scale up programs to reduce human-rights-related barriers to HIV and TB services. Since the adoption of its new Strategy 2017-2022: Investing to End Epidemics, the Global Fund has…

As South Africa seeks to implement national policies on school-based health education and services it is important that the evidence and experiences of existing school health programs be accessible to service providers and role-players. It is for this reason that Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors…

With only a year until 2020 – and the deadline to reach the 90-90-90 targets – South Africa is dangerously off track. Currently 7.1 million people are living with HIV in the country. New HIV infections remain high, according to the Thembisa model1 at 275 000 in 2017, higher than the 231 000…

More adolescents and young adults living with HIV are surviving into adulthood. As a result they must transition from pediatric health services to HIV self-management and adult care. This change is particularly important as many young people have poor adherence to treatment, leading to low rates…

Unprecedented innovations and technologies: HIV and change

The 9th South African AIDS Conference took place from 11-14 June 2019 in Durban, South Africa, and focused on unprecedented scientific…

Stigma remains one of the biggest barriers preventing people living with HIV from accessing healthcare. The People Living with HIV Stigma Index was first launched in 2008. Ten years on, it was replaced by and updated and strengthened Stigma Index 2.0.

The Stigma Index is a…

The Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Regional Exchange (SHARE) is pleased to present our eighth issue of the research digest. The digest offers article abstracts from peer-reviewed literature related to HIV and AIDS in southern Africa and is designed to keep…