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Background: Experiences from infectious outbreaks globally, such as Ebola and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), highlight the challenges of government to maintain essential healthcare services, guarantee healthcare access and at the same time shift resources to contain…

Join this live discussion in which the expert panel explores the latest issues relating to HIV care through cases and expert dialogue followed by dedicated time to answer your questions. Topics covered will focus on key areas of HIV management, including optimal use of newer antiretroviral…

Background

The healthcare workforce in high tuberculosis burden countries such as South Africa is at elevated risk of tuberculosis infection and disease with adverse consequences for their well-being and productivity. Despite the availability of international guidelines…

Despite the body of evidence on heterosexual men’s inequitable access to HIV prevention, testing and antiretroviral therapy (ART) [1, …

Health care providers have great potential to be powerful change agents. As they overcome biases and offer quality, gender-sensitive, transformative services, they can help clients make voluntary and informed decisions about their family planning needs, improving both gender equality and…

Introduction

In South Africa, HIV‐infected men are less likely than women to test and know their status (the first UNAIDS “90‐90‐90” target), and men have worse outcomes across the HIV care cascade. HIV self‐testing (HIVST) may address this testing disparity but…

Introduction

Men in sub‐Saharan Africa are less likely to use HIV testing services than their female counterparts. Norms of masculinity are frequently cited as the main barrier to men’s use of HIV testing services, but very little is known about how health institutions…

Some shifts that countries set in motion within their health systems and economies to adapt to the COVID-19 pandemic threaten to deprioritize the urgent, ongoing needs of people living with HIV and derail decades of hard-won progress in the response to HIV, TB and other diseases.

A…

Introduction

Engaging at‐risk men in HIV prevention programs and services is a current priority, yet there are few effective ways to identify which men are at highest risk or how to best reach them. In this study we generated multi‐factor profiles of HIV acquisition/…

Thirty years into the HIV response, there is growing recognition that engaging men will be key to reaching the global UNAIDS fast‐track targets of 90‐90‐90 by the end of 2020 – whereby 90% of people living with HIV know their status, 90% of those who know they are positive are on antiretroviral…

Person‐centered care through integration of services and engaging clients in their own care is essential to achieving epidemic control of HIV. Verticalization of services along the care continuum contributes to inequities in access to care and leads to stigma and discrimination. Our experience…

Introduction

Few studies have systematically described population‐level differences comparing men and women across the continuum of routine HIV care. This study quantifies differentials in HIV care, treatment and mortality outcomes for men and women over…

Background

HIV diagnosis is a critical step in linking HIV-infected individuals to care and treatment and linking HIV-uninfected persons to prevention services. However, the uptake of HIV testing remains low in many countries. HIV self-screening (HIVSS) is acceptable to…

The National Strategic Plan for HIV, TB and STIs (NSP) 2017-2022 Mid Term Review (MTR) was an in-depth analysis of the NSP implementation, with the aim to illustrate progress made towards reaching the NSP targets across the eight NSP goals. The review focused on the first half of the NSP term (…

Background
HIV and TB programs have rapidly scaled-up over the past decade in Sub-Saharan Africa and uninterrupted supplies of those medicines are critical to their success. However, estimates of stock-outs are largely unknown. This survey aimed to estimate the extent of…

Background:

Why safer conception services are important Many HIV-positive individuals are adults of reproductive age who desire a child or children, now or in the future.[1] A significant proportion of these individuals have partners who are currently HIV uninfected.[2,…

According to the recent Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes Study (ECHO) (Box 1) (1), the incidence of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remains high among adolescent girls and women in parts of East and Southern Africa. But, there and elsewhere,…

COVID-19 is a global pandemic with currently more than 3 million people infected and over 250,000 deaths. Many HIV programs funded by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) are trying to develop mitigation plans to ensure that essential services are still available for…

Background: As South Africa’s (SA) HIV programme increases in size, HIV/TB cases occur that are often beyond the clinical scope of primary healthcare clinicians. In SA’s Eastern Cape (EC) province, health facilities are geographically widespread, with a discrepancy in specialist…

The authors applied a simulation model of HIV to analyze the effects of 3 and 6-month disruptions in health services as a result of COVID-19. Findings were that disruptions to primary prevention programs (male circumcision, behavior change programs, condom distribution) would have small but…

The rise in the global female prison population, women’s unique vulnerabilities to HIV infection and insufficient provision and inequitable access to HIV services places the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) in prisons high on the agenda of HIV prevention among key populations…

Introduction: 

Heterosexual men are not considered a key population in the HIV response and are mostly absent from pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) studies to date. Yet, South African men face considerable HIV risk. We estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness of providing oral PrEP,…

Background: 

Men living with HIV (MLHIV) have a high burden of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancer. Understanding serological dynamics of HPV in men can guide decisions on introducing HPV vaccination and monitoring impact. We determined HPV seroprevalence and evaluated factors…

This publication marks the 25th anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. It is dedicated to the women leaders and allied community mobilizers who have devoted their lives to advancing the human rights and dignity of all people affected by the HIV epidemic, and to opposing…

This retrospective evaluation sought to understand the long-term impact of an extracurricular, school-based HIV prevention programme that leveraged off a mass media television "edutainment" series in South Africa. The study looked at young women who had taken part in the programme because of its…

This guide and toolkit is designed to help governments, civil society organizations (CSOs), and other partners implement and monitor programs for HIV prevention, diagnosis, care, treatment, and viral load testing with key populations (KPs)—sex workers (SWs), gay men and other men who have sex…

Restrictions in movement, social isolation and increased socioeconomic pressures around the world have led to an increase in violence against women and girls since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to UNAIDS. In South Africa, Sonke Gender Justice highlighted that 2,230 gender-based…