Resource Library

Background
HIV and TB programs have rapidly scaled-up over the past decade in Sub-Saharan Africa and uninterrupted supplies of those medicines are critical to their success. However, estimates of stock-outs are largely unknown. This survey aimed to estimate the extent of…

Background

Retreatment tuberculosis (TB) disease is common in high-prevalence settings. The risk of repeated episodes of recurrent TB is unknown. We calculated the rate of recurrent TB per subsequent episode by matching individual treatment episodes over a period of 13…

Background:

Why safer conception services are important Many HIV-positive individuals are adults of reproductive age who desire a child or children, now or in the future.[1] A significant proportion of these individuals have partners who are currently HIV uninfected.[2,…

What will happen to HIV and TB under COVID-19? Our editor-in-chief Mia Malan spoke to an excellent panel to answer this question.

  • TB and HIV patients are more likely to die from COVID-19, but they’re still better off than people living with hypertension and…

Background: Chronic respiratory illnesses and respiratory infections are common in HIV-positive populations. It seems reasonable that HIV-positive people experience more respiratory symptoms, such as coughing and breathlessness, than those who are HIV-negative.

Introduction: 

Heterosexual men are not considered a key population in the HIV response and are mostly absent from pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) studies to date. Yet, South African men face considerable HIV risk. We estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness of providing oral PrEP,…

Background: 

Men living with HIV (MLHIV) have a high burden of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancer. Understanding serological dynamics of HPV in men can guide decisions on introducing HPV vaccination and monitoring impact. We determined HPV seroprevalence and evaluated factors…

This publication marks the 25th anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. It is dedicated to the women leaders and allied community mobilizers who have devoted their lives to advancing the human rights and dignity of all people affected by the HIV epidemic, and to opposing…

Restrictions in movement, social isolation and increased socioeconomic pressures around the world have led to an increase in violence against women and girls since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to UNAIDS. In South Africa, Sonke Gender Justice highlighted that 2,230 gender-based…

The HIV pandemic provides lessons for the response to the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: no vaccine is available for either and there are no licensed pharmaceuticals for COVID-19, just as there was not for HIV infection in the early years. Population behaviour will determine…

Coronaviruses are important causes of infection in both humans and animals. While in the past they were considered to be relatively harmless respiratory pathogens, outbreaks of infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle East respiratory syndrome, and currently SARS-CoV-2,…

Selling sex has been illegal in South Africa since at least the early 1900s and buying sex was criminalised in 2007. South African laws also prohibit other aspects of sex work, including running or owning a brothel, living off the earnings of “prostitution,” and enticing a woman into “…

Background: Great strides have been made in decreasing paediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. In South Africa, new paediatric HIV infections decreased by 84% between 2009 and 2015. This achievement is a result of a strong…

Background
There has been a heightened emphasis on prioritizing data to inform evidence-based HIV responses, including data focused on both defining the content and scale of HIV programs in response to evidence-based need. Consequently, population size estimation (PSE)…

Objectives: Widespread access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) has substantially increased life expectancy in sub‐Saharan African countries. As a result, the rates of comorbidities and use of co‐medications among people living with HIV are increasing, necessitating a sound…

When healthcare providers are properly trained to address violence against women, they can make a significant difference in addressing not only the physical injuries caused by violence, but also the mental, sexual and emotional hurt. In recognition of this, WHO has published a training…

The 2019 SDG Gender Index is the most comprehensive tool available to explore the state of gender equality across 129 countries (covering 95% of the world’s girls and women), 14 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and 51 targets linked to issues inherent in the SDGs. 

The…

INTRODUCTION: Adolescent girls and young women aged 15 to 24 years have some of the highest HIV incidence rates globally, with girls two to four times more likely to be living with HIV than their male peers. High levels of intimate partner…

INTRODUCTION: HIV testing male partners of pregnant and postpartum women can lead to improved health outcomes for women, partners and infants.…

INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a leading cause of death in Sub-Saharan Africa, including Mozambique. While diagnostic methods and…

PURPOSE: An intervention including business training and health education was implemented in Mozambique, where girls are at elevated risk for…

BACKGROUND: Little is known about contextual factors that predict long-term mortality following HIV testing in resource-limited settings. We…

There is increasing interest in home-based testing and treatment of HIV to expand access to treatment in sub-Saharan Africa. Such programs rely on self-reported HIV history and use of antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, the accuracy…

From January 2016 to December 2018, AIDSFree Lesotho provided technical assistance to two civil society organizations: the Lesotho Network of AIDS Service Organizations and the Lesotho Network of People Living with HIV and AIDS. In 2018, the project extended its services to two other…

The Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Regional Exchange (SHARE) is pleased to present the latest issue of the research digest. The digest offers article abstracts from peer-reviewed literature related to HIV and AIDS in southern Africa and is designed to keep you in touch with the rapidly expanding…

BACKGROUND: Women account for 56% of new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa. Multipurpose Prevention Technologies (MPTs) are promising interventions because they combine HIV prevention with a less stigmatizing indication, such as pregnancy…

Background: Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has the highest number of people living with HIV/AIDS, with Nigeria, South Africa, and Uganda accounting for 48% of new infections. A systematic review of the HIV burden among women engaged in sex work (WESW) in 50 low- and middle-income…

August 27, 2019

Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a new HIV prevention method that offers more than 90 percent protection when taken correctly. The OPTIONS Consortium, in collaboration…