Resource Library

In 2016, the United Nations General Assembly’s Political Declaration on Ending AIDS committed countries to the 90–90–90 targets, which aim to bring HIV testing and treatment to the vast majority of people living with HIV by the end of 2020 and to reduce the amount of HIV in their bodies to…

September 22, 2020

What is an Ideal Clinic?

An Ideal Clinic is defined as a clinic with good infrastructure, adequate staff, adequate medicine and supplies, good administrative processes, and sufficient adequate bulk supplies. It uses applicable clinical policies, protocols and guidelines…

Global action to combat HIV/AIDS has had an immense impact in the African Region. By the end of 2017, 15.3 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the African Region were accessing life-saving antiretroviral drugs (ARVs), representing 70% of the 21.7 million people accessing antiretrovirals (…

Background

HIV-1 risk scoring tools could help target provision of prevention modalities such as pre-exposure prophylaxis. Recent research suggests that risk scores for women aged 18–45 may not predict risk well among young women aged 18–24. We evaluated the predictive…

Introduction

There is a growing interest in adolescent motherhood and HIV among policymakers and programme implementers. To better shape services and health outcomes, we need evidence on reproductive aspirations and contraception use in this high‐risk…

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the inadequacy of investments in public health, the persistence of profound economic and social inequalities and the fragility of many key global systems and approaches.

Given the epic dimensions of the emergency, the world needs unity and solidarity—led…

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Despite the body of evidence on heterosexual men’s inequitable access to HIV prevention, testing and antiretroviral therapy (ART) [1, …

Little was known of SARS-CoV-2 a few months ago. However, since then this highly-contagious virus has spread worldwide and has created enormous turmoil all around the world. It has caused major devastation to health, economies, education and has percolated through almost all aspects of daily…

Health care providers have great potential to be powerful change agents. As they overcome biases and offer quality, gender-sensitive, transformative services, they can help clients make voluntary and informed decisions about their family planning needs, improving both gender equality and…

Introduction

In South Africa, HIV‐infected men are less likely than women to test and know their status (the first UNAIDS “90‐90‐90” target), and men have worse outcomes across the HIV care cascade. HIV self‐testing (HIVST) may address this testing disparity but…

Healthcare workers are exhausted, stressed, and at high risk for physical and mental illness as the COVID-19 pandemic continues to take its toll in South Africa. Top South African medical, clinical, and professional associations are collaborating to bring much much-needed support and care to…

SETTING: Recent evidence indicates that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) related stigma act as a key barrier to the utilisation of associated occupational health services by South African health care workers (HCWs). It also highlights a dearth of…

Introduction

Men in sub‐Saharan Africa are less likely to use HIV testing services than their female counterparts. Norms of masculinity are frequently cited as the main barrier to men’s use of HIV testing services, but very little is known about how health institutions…

The National Strategic Plan for HIV, TB and STIs (NSP) 2017-2022 Mid Term Review (MTR) was an in-depth analysis of the NSP implementation, with the aim to illustrate progress made towards reaching the NSP targets across the eight NSP goals. The review focused on the first half of the NSP term (…

Background:

Why safer conception services are important Many HIV-positive individuals are adults of reproductive age who desire a child or children, now or in the future.[1] A significant proportion of these individuals have partners who are currently HIV uninfected.[2,…

According to the recent Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes Study (ECHO) (Box 1) (1), the incidence of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remains high among adolescent girls and women in parts of East and Southern Africa. But, there and elsewhere,…

The rise in the global female prison population, women’s unique vulnerabilities to HIV infection and insufficient provision and inequitable access to HIV services places the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) in prisons high on the agenda of HIV prevention among key populations…

Introduction: 

Heterosexual men are not considered a key population in the HIV response and are mostly absent from pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) studies to date. Yet, South African men face considerable HIV risk. We estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness of providing oral PrEP,…

This publication marks the 25th anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. It is dedicated to the women leaders and allied community mobilizers who have devoted their lives to advancing the human rights and dignity of all people affected by the HIV epidemic, and to opposing…

Restrictions in movement, social isolation and increased socioeconomic pressures around the world have led to an increase in violence against women and girls since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to UNAIDS. In South Africa, Sonke Gender Justice highlighted that 2,230 gender-based…

The HIV pandemic provides lessons for the response to the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: no vaccine is available for either and there are no licensed pharmaceuticals for COVID-19, just as there was not for HIV infection in the early years. Population behaviour will determine…

This study has two phases. It will be conducted in one site in CT only. Phase I is to enumerate interest in PrEP uptake among young South African women exposed to a culturally-appropriate social marketing campaign. This enumeration will also serve as a recruitment strategy for a cohort with open…

Status

Ongoing

Phase

Demo Project

Objective

Assesses women’s preferences for using microbicides and PrEP through demonstration projects with strategic pilots of delivery strategies, first with oral PrEP. …

Selling sex has been illegal in South Africa since at least the early 1900s and buying sex was criminalised in 2007. South African laws also prohibit other aspects of sex work, including running or owning a brothel, living off the earnings of “prostitution,” and enticing a woman into “…

Background
There has been a heightened emphasis on prioritizing data to inform evidence-based HIV responses, including data focused on both defining the content and scale of HIV programs in response to evidence-based need. Consequently, population size estimation (PSE)…

Introduction: High HIV incidence and low adherence to daily oral PrEP among women underscore the need for more acceptable and easier to use HIV prevention products. Global demand for injectable contraception suggests that new, long‐acting, injectable formulations could meet this…

When healthcare providers are properly trained to address violence against women, they can make a significant difference in addressing not only the physical injuries caused by violence, but also the mental, sexual and emotional hurt. In recognition of this, WHO has published a training…