Resource Library

The rise in the global female prison population, women’s unique vulnerabilities to HIV infection and insufficient provision and inequitable access to HIV services places the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) in prisons high on the agenda of HIV prevention among key populations…

This toolkit aims to help international health programs integrate a gender perspective in their monitoring and evaluation (M&E) activities, measures, and reporting. 

It is designed for use by health program staff working in various health sectors (such as HIV; malaria; reproductive,…

The Pediatric-Adolescent Treatment Africa (PATA) and the Positive Action for Children Fund (PACF) have worked across 9 countries and facilitated 36 clinic-community collaborations through their partnership on the three-year Clinic-CBO Collaboration (C3) Programme, which aims to…

HIV infection continues to pose a critical risk to health in many countries. UNAIDS estimates that as of 2016 the total HIV-infected population was 36.7 million, including 1.8 million people newly infected that year. Although some 19.5 million people are receiving antiretroviral treatment, a…

Digital innovations with internet/mobile phones offer a potential cost-saving solution for overburdened health systems with high service delivery costs to improve efficiency of HIV/STI (sexually transmitted infections) control initiatives. However, their overall evidence has not yet been…

Observational studies have shown considerable attrition among adolescents living with HIV across the "cascade" of HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa, leading to higher mortality rates compared to HIV-infected adults or children. We synthesized evidence from qualitative studies on factors that…

Tuberculosis disproportionately affects hard-to-reach populations, such as homeless people, migrants, refugees, prisoners, or drug users. These people often face challenges in accessing quality health care. We did a systematic review of the qualitative literature to identify barriers and…

The heightened risk of HIV infection among female sex workers (FSWs) has been clearly established across settings. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), FSWs have an estimated HIV prevalence of 36.9% as compared to 7.4% in the general adult female population. In the Iringa region of Tanzania, a…

This supplement of JAIDS provides a compilation of health promoters and their professional allies' experiences in the field of HIV care and prevention. It is an extension and follow-up to the 2014 JAIDS Supplement entitled “Health Communication Strategies in Combination HIV…

Although lifelong combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) is recommended for all individuals with HIV, few data exist for pregnancy outcomes associated with ART initiation before conception. We assessed adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with ART initiated before conception compared with…

The AIDSFree team conducted a review of the GBVI in the DRC, Mozambique, and Tanzania by examining approximately 475 documents, conducting semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions with 131 GBVI stakeholders (17 global, 19 in the DRC, 43 in Mozambique, 52 in Tanzania), and visiting…

The toolkit provides guidance on health care waste management (HCWM) and environmental hygiene best practices for VMMC services. Each component of the toolkit is based on VMMC program experience, WHO guidance, and USAID environmental protection/compliance regulations. The toolkit contains two…

In 2014, USAID/Tanzania awarded the Tanzania Strengthening Police and Prison Comprehensive HIV Services (SPPCHS) project as an initiative under the AIDSFree project. The SPPCHS project worked with the Ministry of Home Affairs to design a peer education program for prisons to provide knowledge,…

Despite more than two decades of research on adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and more than 17 million HIV-positive individuals on treatment, adherence to ART remains a major challenge. This review aimed to assess the most frequently reported barriers to adherence by patients…

High adherence to antiretroviral therapy is crucial to the success of HIV treatment. We evaluated comparative effectiveness of adherence interventions with the aim of informing the WHO's global guidance on interventions to increase adherence.

Timely access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) is vital to ensuring safe motherhood and reducing vertical transmission. Treatment guidance and programming has changed dramatically in recent years. While progress has been made in improving maternal health, more is needed, including efforts to…

This Toolkit shares information, tools, activities, and skills building ideas and methods to support organisations and individuals to better understand the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people (LGBTI) in HIV and gender-based violence work in their communities. This…

SASA! is a community mobilization programme developed by Raising Voices in Kampala, Uganda. The Activist Kit is a comprehensive toolkit based on extensive field testing. It is designed for individuals and communities to start working toward a balance of power between women and men.

This report examines the central role that infection prevention, control, and surveillance  need to play in combatting the rise of drug-resistant infections. This is based on the recognition that fundamental improvements in these areas are the key to sustainable  gains in health outcomes,  and…

The Cochrane Library (ISSN 1465-1858) is a collection of six databases that contain different types of high-quality, independent evidence to inform healthcare decision-making, and a seventh database that provides information about Cochrane groups.

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This supplement to Acta Paediatrica presents a series of meta-analyses and systematic literature reviews examining a variety of health effects potentially related to breastfeeding. The authors carefully study a wide breadth of the literature to describe current…