Resource Library

From January 2016 to December 2018, AIDSFree Lesotho provided technical assistance to two civil society organizations: the Lesotho Network of AIDS Service Organizations and the Lesotho Network of People Living with HIV and AIDS. In 2018, the project extended its services to two other…

mothers2mothers (m2m) is an African NGO working towards the Global Goals of ensuring good health for all and ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030. The organization focuses on three core client groups—women, children, and adolescents—serving those living with HIV, and also those who are HIV-negative…

This research report documents the multiple benefits of meaningful youth participation and leadership in sexual health and rights (SRHR) programs. It synthesizes global evidence from the field on how to foster authentic youth engagement, the impacts that result, and recommendations that can…

Community health workers, community-based care, and community outreach have long been recognized as essential to extending the reach of facility-based health care systems. In South Africa there is limited information about what services are available, where they are available, eligibility…

Remarkable progress is being made on HIV treatment. Ahead of World AIDS Day, UNAIDS has launched a new report showing that access to treatment has risen significantly. In 2000, just 685 000 people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy. By June 2017, around 20.9 million people had…

In 2013, an estimated 2.1 million adolescents (age 10–19 years) were living with HIV globally. The extent to which health facilities provide appropriate treatment and care was unknown. To support understanding of service availability in 2014, Paediatric-Adolescent Treatment Africa (PATA), a non-…

The purpose of this report is to inform U.S. policymakers, donors, and advocates about the DREAMS Initiative (Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored, and Safe). The report also identifies some of the challenges and opportunities for successful HIV prevention for adolescent girls…

According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), information and communication technology (ICT) represents an important resource for enhancing the reach and effectiveness of HIV programming, as gay men and other men who have sex with men already use ICT to facilitate many…

Community-based responses have a lengthy history. The ravages of HIV on family functioning has included a widespread community response. Although much funding has been invested in front line community-based organisations (CBO), there was no equal investment in evaluations. This study was set up…

While four in ten female sex workers (FSWs) in sub-Saharan Africa are infected with HIV, only a small proportion is enrolled in HIV care. We explored facilitators and barriers to linkage to HIV care among FSWs receiving HIV testing services at a community-based organization in periurban Uganda…

Late human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis is common among sub-Saharan African migrants. To address their barriers to HIV testing uptake and improve timely HIV diagnoses and linkage to care, the outreach HIV testing intervention, “swab2know,” was developed. It combined a community-based…

An estimated half of all mobile phone users in Kenya use WhatsApp, an instant messaging platform that provides users an affordable way to send and receive text messages, photos, and other media at the one-to-one, one-to-many, many-to-one, or…

This report, by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, summarises the rationale, methods and findings of an in-depth appraisal of targeted HIV prevention and care interventions for men who have sex with men.

The appraisal was commissioned in support of a four-country…

After more than a decade of major achievements, the AIDS response is at a crucial juncture, both in terms of its immediate trajectory and its sustainability, as well as its place in the new global health and development agendas. In May, 2013, the UNAIDS–Lancet Commission—a diverse group…

Background

Although disproportionately affected by HIV, sex workers (SWs) remain neglected by efforts to expand access to antiretroviral treatment (ART). In Zimbabwe,…

Harmful gender norms can lead to risky behaviors, violence, substance abuse, pursuit of multiple sexual partners, and domination of women. These norms affect not only men and women but also families and communities. This technical brief describes the elements of programmatic approaches to…

A community empowerment-based response to HIV is a process by which sex workers take collective ownership of programmes to achieve the most eff ective HIV outcomes and address social and structural barriers to their overall health and human rights. Community empowerment has increasingly gained…

Studies completed over the past 15 years have consistently demonstrated the importance of community-level determinants in potentiating or mitigating risks for the acquisition and transmission of HIV. Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations,…

Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade. This review, the first critical review of this topic, identified 100 articles that (1) assessed…

Good healthcare systems are complex, and various sectors—including communities, civil society organizations, governments, international bodies, and the private sector—all have an essential role. These roles include implementation, funding, policy guidance, and coordination. While investments…

Communities were the first responders to HIV three decades ago, and they remain essential in advocating for a robust response to the epidemic, delivering services that can reach everyone in need and tackling HIV-related stigma and discrimination. Working alongside public health and other systems…

Background

Community mobilization among female sex workers (SWs) is recognized as an effective strategy to empower SWs and increase their uptake of health services. Activities focus on increasing social cohesion between SWs by building trust, strengthening networks, and…

This fact sheet on the impact of health communication on voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is part of a series of fact sheets and infographics focused on the impact of health communication on core HIV outcomes. It presents evidence from various countries on social and behavior change…