Resource Library

Introduction: Many studies have shown that key populations, including men who have sex with men, female sex workers, persons who inject drugs and transgender men and women face stigma, violence and discrimination as well as suffer from high rates of mental health/psychosocial…

Adolescents living with HIV are an underserved population, with poor retention in HIV health care services and high mortality, who are in need of targeted effective interventions. We conducted a literature review to identify strategies that could be adapted to meet the needs of adolescents…

This article reviews the expanding body of literature that examines the mental health of HIV-affected children in sub-Saharan Africa. Focusing on primary research across disciplines and methodologies, the review examines the use of universalistic assumptions about childhood adversity and mental…

For the treatment of HIV, compliance in regard to appointment attendance and medication usage is critical. Various methods have been attempted to increased HIV care compliance, and a method that has inspired many published studies is text message reminders. We conducted a meta-analysis of the…

Much progress has been made in interventions to prevent HIV infection. However, development of evidence-informed prevention programmes that translate the efficacy of these strategies into population effect remain a challenge. In this systematic review, we map current evidence for HIV prevention…

Skin diseases associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In resource-limited settings, nondermatologists and lay health care providers on the front line of HIV care provide much of the treatment for these conditions. This…

CD4 cell count is an important test in HIV programs for baseline risk assessment, monitoring of ART where viral load is not available, and, in many settings, antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation decisions. However, access to CD4 testing is limited, in part due to the centralized conventional…

Adequate management of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB), including multidrug- (MDR-) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR-)TB are within the priorities of the newly launched World Health Organization's End TB and Elimination Strategies. This manuscript aims to present the evidence on the MDR- /…

In today's globalized world, rapid urbanization, mechanization of the rural economy, and the activities of trans-national food, drink and tobacco corporations are associated with behavioral changes that increase the risk of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs). These changes include less…

Since the late 1990s, by providing services to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, many countries have made significant progress toward eliminating new HIV infections in children. The introduction and rollout of Option B+ was a contributing factor in these achievements and an important…

Advances in access to effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) mean that many young people living with HIV (YPLHIV) can live long and healthy lives. Increasing survival of young people who were born with HIV means we are seeing a surge of YPLHIV who are transitioning from childhood to adolescence…

The Cochrane Library (ISSN 1465-1858) is a collection of six databases that contain different types of high-quality, independent evidence to inform healthcare decision-making, and a seventh database that provides information about Cochrane groups.

Click …

This supplement to Acta Paediatrica presents a series of meta-analyses and systematic literature reviews examining a variety of health effects potentially related to breastfeeding. The authors carefully study a wide breadth of the literature to describe current…