Resource Library

February 5, 2019

The PrEP Costing Guidelines provide a framework for estimating the cost of providing pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), which is the use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs for preventing the acquisition of HIV infection. They are intended to provide a PrEP-specific resource for costing that could be…

As part of its Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) guidance, the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) released Version 2.3 in September 2018, which includes revised indicators for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) programs. These indicators are intended…

The purpose of this guide is to provide a resource for clinicians on the ground who manage HIV and TB clients on a daily basis. The guide presents the tools and knowledge required to ensure that clients are offered the best quality of service, and will also enable the health facility to move…

Undetectable = untransmittable is the message of a new UNAIDS Explainer. With 20 years of evidence demonstrating that HIV treatment is highly effective in reducing the transmission of HIV, the…

As digital health tools and data platforms proliferate, it’s important to look at how and if they are able to protect client privacy and system security. MEASURE Evaluation, funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), has published the mHealth Data Security,…

In late 2015, the Linkages Across the Continuum of HIV Services for Key Populations (LINKAGES) project established a global acceleration initiative to fast-track and strengthen delivery of a comprehensive package of health services for key populations (KPs) at scale. In this context, “…

Adolescents (ages 10–19) and youth (ages 15–24) bear a disproportionate share of the HIV burden, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. However, little is known about what projects are doing to make their interventions adolescent- and youth-friendly and what interventions are effective for changing…

Building on the current progress, additional and continuous steps must be taken to ensure the sustainability of the HIV response; the tremendous gains of the past three decades are in danger of being lost as the window of opportunity to control the epidemic snaps closed. PEPFAR has responded to…

This guideline describes a team-based, learn-by-doing process designed to help health districts assess constraints on HIV service delivery and to plan, conduct, and monitor strategic interventions. The steps in this process help districts:

  • Analyze local data
  • Identify priority…

To ensure the delivery of good-quality health services to the people who need them, the World Health Organization (WHO) promotes strengthening the six building blocks of a health system: (1) governance and policy; (2) service delivery; (3) human resources; (4) health commodities…

As children living with HIV (CLHIV) grow into adolescence and adulthood, caregivers and healthcare providers are faced with the sensitive challenge of when to disclose to a CLHIV his or her HIV status. Despite WHO recommendations for CLHIV to know their status, in countries most affected by HIV…

Angola has a generalized, heterosexually-driven HIV epidemic with an adult prevalence of 2.42 percent, according to 2014 estimates from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS 2014a). The proportion of women receiving ART to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV has…

Data tell us that the lives of girls today are better in many respects than those of preceding generations. Girls are now more likely to survive childhood, more likely to attend school and complete their education, less likely to be undernourished and less likely to marry as children. Yet girls…

The World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS recommend early infant male circumcision (EIMC) as a component of male circumcision programs in countries with high HIV prevalence and low circumcision rates. Lesotho began incorporating EIMC into routine maternal,…

The government of the Kingdom of Swaziland recognizes that it must urgently scale up HIV prevention interventions, such as voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC). Swaziland has adopted a 2-phase approach to male circumcision scale-up. The catch-up phase prioritizes VMMC services for…

For prevention of HIV, early infant male circumcision (EIMC) needs to be scaled up in countries with high HIV prevalence. Routine EIMC will maintain the HIV prevention gains anticipated from current adult male circumcision initiatives. We present here the results of a field study of EIMC…

An important collection of articles focused on infant medical male circumcision as an approach to sustain the HIV prevention gains made from adult voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC). The ten articles in this collection offer insight into a few country experiences with introduction of…

Based on privacy, confidentiality and security principles the Assessment Tool below was developed to assess in country the extent that the confidentiality and security of personal health information is protected at facility and data warehouse/repository levels and whether national guidelines…

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) joins the international community in commemorating 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence,

This document guides countries through the process of collecting and reporting sub-national data on adolescents to inform programme planning and implementation efforts. This guidance has been developed with the specific aim of identifying data gaps for adolescents and informing immediate…

The HIV epidemic disproportionately affects women of reproductive age, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, where nearly 60 percent of people living with HIV are women. In support of the global 90-90-90 targets, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) recommends reducing the number…

As part of its monitoring, evaluation, and reporting (MER) guidance, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) launched a set of essential indicators for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) programs. These outcome indicators reflect internationally accepted…

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) HIV treatment guidelines have been used by various countries to revise their national guidelines. Our study discusses the national policy response to the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa and quantifies delays in adopting the WHO…

Timely access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) is vital to ensuring safe motherhood and reducing vertical transmission. Treatment guidance and programming has changed dramatically in recent years. While progress has been made in improving maternal health, more is needed, including efforts to…

The strategy positions the health sector response to sexually transmitted infection epidemics as critical to the achievement of universal health coverage – one of the key health targets of the Sustainable Development Goals identified in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

The…

More than 30 different bacteria, viruses and parasites are known to be transmitted through sexual contact. Eight of these pathogens are linked to the greatest incidence of sexually transmitted disease. Of these 8 infections, 4 are currently curable: syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia and…

Since the publication of the WHO Guidelines for the management of sexually transmitted infections in 2003, changes in the epidemiology of STIs and advancements in prevention, diagnosis and treatment necessitate changes in STI management. These guidelines provide updated treatment recommendations…

Since the publication of the WHO Guidelines for the management of sexually transmitted infections in 2003, changes in the epidemiology of STIs and advancements in prevention, diagnosis and treatment necessitate changes in STI management. There is an urgent need to update treatment…