Resource Library

The rise in the global female prison population, women’s unique vulnerabilities to HIV infection and insufficient provision and inequitable access to HIV services places the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) in prisons high on the agenda of HIV prevention among key populations…

Johanna Theunissen, Communications Officer at Technical Support to PEPFAR Programs (TSP), Baylor College of Medicine Children’s Foundation Malawi, presented at the 2019 South African AIDS Conference (SA AIDS 2019) on the innovative use of technology through SHARE's online platform and social…

This online platform provides summaries of the highlights presented at the 9th International Workshop on HIV & Women.The meeting highlights will effectively summarize the most important new data presented at the workshop  and analyse their impact on clinical practice and the future of…

The Accelerating Children’s HIV/AIDS Treatment (ACT) Initiative was a public-private partnership that expanded pediatric HIV services in nine sub-Saharan African countries from 2014-2016, providing treatment to more than 560,000 children living with HIV. The ACT Initiative was implemented by…

Uganda has experienced cases of tetanus in the safe male circumcision (SMC) program for HIV prevention. Gulu district begun implementation of tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccination of men prior to SMC in 2015. However, there is concern that the introduction of the vaccine in SMC may lead to reduced…

The extraordinary scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is expected to reduce the rate of new HIV infections at the population level. In this study, we calculated the incidence of HIV for males and females using data from a complete South African population.

The Africa Health Research…

An essential first step in caring for HIV-infected children is accurate and early diagnosis of HIV, early HIV testing, prompt return of results, and rapid initiation of treatment. Survival of HIV‐infected infants depends on a robust early infant diagnosis (EID) system that allows for tracking of…

February 5, 2018

IndiKit aims to make monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of relief and development interventions easier and better - by helping humanitarian and development workers to use well-formulated project indicators and to correctly collect and analyse the data required for each indicator.

This toolkit aims to help international health programs integrate a gender perspective in their monitoring and evaluation (M&E) activities, measures, and reporting. 

It is designed for use by health program staff working in various health sectors (such as HIV; malaria; reproductive,…

To improve antiretroviral coverage (ART) and help reach the 90-90-90 treatment targets, differentiated approaches to care are necessary, including reduced frequency of clinic visits for stable patients. Given the paucity of data regarding the impact of differentiated care models on pediatric…

Shifts to less frequent clinic visits and medication pick-ups to free up healthcare resources and make life easier for people living with HIV are being implemented successfully in some African countries, but still need fine tuning, several studies presented on Monday at the …

The following abstract was presented as part of a poster dicussion session on viral reservoirs at the 9th IAS Conference on HIV Science (IAS 2017).

Background: In the 6-year CHER trial (2005-2011), HIV-infected infants were randomized to deferred antiretroviral therapy (…

Infants exposed to an antiretroviral regimen of tenofovir, emtricitabine and efavirenz (Atripla) from conception experienced fewer adverse birth outcomes compared to other three-drug regimens, according to a study of births in Botswana between 2014 and 2016, presented on Tuesday at the …

The toolkit provides guidance on health care waste management (HCWM) and environmental hygiene best practices for VMMC services. Each component of the toolkit is based on VMMC program experience, WHO guidance, and USAID environmental protection/compliance regulations. The toolkit contains two…

In 2014, USAID/Tanzania awarded the Tanzania Strengthening Police and Prison Comprehensive HIV Services (SPPCHS) project as an initiative under the AIDSFree project. The SPPCHS project worked with the Ministry of Home Affairs to design a peer education program for prisons to provide knowledge,…

Despite considerable efforts to scale up voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention in priority countries over the last five years, implementation has faced important challenges. Seeking to enhance the effect of VMMC programs for greatest and most immediate impact, the U. S.…

Sex between young women and older men is no secret in South Africa. The name ‘blesser’ is commonly used to describe a man who may at first pay for a teenager’s bus fare to high school, then buy school supplies she cannot afford, and perhaps lunch at a decent café. Over time, the adolescent…

Overgrowth of a certain species of vaginal bacteria was associated with a 13-fold higher likelihood of acquiring HIV, while another species was found to lower tenofovir levels and may contribute to reduced efficacy of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) delivered in a vaginal gel, according to a set…

Despite the widespread implementation of Option B+ (lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for pregnant and breastfeeding women regardless of CD4 cell count) postpartum HIV-positive women remain at higher risk of loss to follow-up and death, studies from South Africa and Botswana presented at the…

The International AIDS Conference (IAC) is by far the largest conference on HIV related issues. This prestigious conference is the premier gathering for those working in the field of HIV, as well as policy makers, people living with HIV and others committed to ending the epidemic. The IAC is a…

This Toolkit shares information, tools, activities, and skills building ideas and methods to support organisations and individuals to better understand the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people (LGBTI) in HIV and gender-based violence work in their communities. This…

SASA! is a community mobilization programme developed by Raising Voices in Kampala, Uganda. The Activist Kit is a comprehensive toolkit based on extensive field testing. It is designed for individuals and communities to start working toward a balance of power between women and men.

This presentation was given at the regional consultation with sex workers, gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender people and people who inject drugs for the East and Southern Africa region. 

It presents a synthesis of the latest evidence on the HIV epidemic among…

All-cause 8-week mortality is reduced by rapid point-of-care urine-based testing for tuberculosis (TB), using a test for detection of mycobacterial lipoarabinomannan (LAM) to guide rapid treatment initiation in hospitalised HIV-positive people with signs and symptoms of TB, according to a late-…