Resource Library

This online platform provides summaries of the highlights presented at the 9th International Workshop on HIV & Women.The meeting highlights will effectively summarize the most important new data presented at the workshop  and analyse their impact on clinical practice and the future of…

It was estimated that 1.2 million people live with HIV/AIDS in Zambia by 2015. Zambia has developed and implemented diverse programs to reduce the prevalence in the country. HIV-testing is a critical step in HIV treatment and prevention, especially among all the key populations. However, there…

Uganda has experienced cases of tetanus in the safe male circumcision (SMC) program for HIV prevention. Gulu district begun implementation of tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccination of men prior to SMC in 2015. However, there is concern that the introduction of the vaccine in SMC may lead to reduced…

The extraordinary scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is expected to reduce the rate of new HIV infections at the population level. In this study, we calculated the incidence of HIV for males and females using data from a complete South African population.

The Africa Health Research…

An essential first step in caring for HIV-infected children is accurate and early diagnosis of HIV, early HIV testing, prompt return of results, and rapid initiation of treatment. Survival of HIV‐infected infants depends on a robust early infant diagnosis (EID) system that allows for tracking of…

Technology-based HIV self-testing (HST) interventions have the potential to improve access to HIV testing among gay, bisexual, and other MSM, as well as address concerns about HST use, including challenges with linkage to appropriate follow-up services. This review examines studies that use…

The heightened risk of HIV infection among female sex workers (FSWs) has been clearly established across settings. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), FSWs have an estimated HIV prevalence of 36.9% as compared to 7.4% in the general adult female population. In the Iringa region of Tanzania, a…

Although lifelong combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) is recommended for all individuals with HIV, few data exist for pregnancy outcomes associated with ART initiation before conception. We assessed adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with ART initiated before conception compared with…

The AIDSFree team conducted a review of the GBVI in the DRC, Mozambique, and Tanzania by examining approximately 475 documents, conducting semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions with 131 GBVI stakeholders (17 global, 19 in the DRC, 43 in Mozambique, 52 in Tanzania), and visiting…

Tuberculosis (TB) case notification rates are usually higher in men than in women, but notification data are insufficient to measure sex differences in disease burden. This review set out to systematically investigate whether sex ratios in case notifications reflect differences in disease…

Timely access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) is vital to ensuring safe motherhood and reducing vertical transmission. Treatment guidance and programming has changed dramatically in recent years. While progress has been made in improving maternal health, more is needed, including efforts to…

Sex between young women and older men is no secret in South Africa. The name ‘blesser’ is commonly used to describe a man who may at first pay for a teenager’s bus fare to high school, then buy school supplies she cannot afford, and perhaps lunch at a decent café. Over time, the adolescent…

Overgrowth of a certain species of vaginal bacteria was associated with a 13-fold higher likelihood of acquiring HIV, while another species was found to lower tenofovir levels and may contribute to reduced efficacy of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) delivered in a vaginal gel, according to a set…

Despite the widespread implementation of Option B+ (lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for pregnant and breastfeeding women regardless of CD4 cell count) postpartum HIV-positive women remain at higher risk of loss to follow-up and death, studies from South Africa and Botswana presented at the…

The International AIDS Conference (IAC) is by far the largest conference on HIV related issues. This prestigious conference is the premier gathering for those working in the field of HIV, as well as policy makers, people living with HIV and others committed to ending the epidemic. The IAC is a…

This supplement to Acta Paediatrica presents a series of meta-analyses and systematic literature reviews examining a variety of health effects potentially related to breastfeeding. The authors carefully study a wide breadth of the literature to describe current…

All-cause 8-week mortality is reduced by rapid point-of-care urine-based testing for tuberculosis (TB), using a test for detection of mycobacterial lipoarabinomannan (LAM) to guide rapid treatment initiation in hospitalised HIV-positive people with signs and symptoms of TB, according to a late-…