Resource Library

The rise in the global female prison population, women’s unique vulnerabilities to HIV infection and insufficient provision and inequitable access to HIV services places the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) in prisons high on the agenda of HIV prevention among key populations…

This guide and toolkit is designed to help governments, civil society organizations (CSOs), and other partners implement and monitor programs for HIV prevention, diagnosis, care, treatment, and viral load testing with key populations (KPs)—sex workers (SWs), gay men and other men who have sex…

Johanna Theunissen, Communications Officer at Technical Support to PEPFAR Programs (TSP), Baylor College of Medicine Children’s Foundation Malawi, presented at the 2019 South African AIDS Conference (SA AIDS 2019) on the innovative use of technology through SHARE's online platform and social…

As South Africa seeks to implement national policies on school-based health education and services it is important that the evidence and experiences of existing school health programs be accessible to service providers and role-players. It is for this reason that Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors…

This online platform provides summaries of the highlights presented at the 9th International Workshop on HIV & Women.The meeting highlights will effectively summarize the most important new data presented at the workshop  and analyse their impact on clinical practice and the future of…

Introduction: Many studies have shown that key populations, including men who have sex with men, female sex workers, persons who inject drugs and transgender men and women face stigma, violence and discrimination as well as suffer from high rates of mental health/psychosocial…

Background

Approximately 14% of Africans infected with HIV are over the age of 50, yet few intervention studies focus on improving access to care, retention in care, and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in this population. A review of the published literature…

The Accelerating Children’s HIV/AIDS Treatment (ACT) Initiative was a public-private partnership that expanded pediatric HIV services in nine sub-Saharan African countries from 2014-2016, providing treatment to more than 560,000 children living with HIV. The ACT Initiative was implemented by…

It was estimated that 1.2 million people live with HIV/AIDS in Zambia by 2015. Zambia has developed and implemented diverse programs to reduce the prevalence in the country. HIV-testing is a critical step in HIV treatment and prevention, especially among all the key populations. However, there…

Uganda has experienced cases of tetanus in the safe male circumcision (SMC) program for HIV prevention. Gulu district begun implementation of tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccination of men prior to SMC in 2015. However, there is concern that the introduction of the vaccine in SMC may lead to reduced…

Lesotho's HIV prevalence among pregnant women is 28%. In 2013, Lesotho's Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) program adopted Option B+ and revitalized the village health worker (VHW) program to strengthen community level PMTCT. The national goal was to test 95% of HIV-exposed…

Swaziland has one of the highest adult HIV prevalence rates worldwide, 27%; with approximately 200,000 people 15 years and older living with HIV. Swaziland and many other countries in sub-Saharan Africa have adopted universal test-and-treat (UTT) policies. As the number of people needing and…

The extraordinary scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is expected to reduce the rate of new HIV infections at the population level. In this study, we calculated the incidence of HIV for males and females using data from a complete South African population.

The Africa Health Research…

An essential first step in caring for HIV-infected children is accurate and early diagnosis of HIV, early HIV testing, prompt return of results, and rapid initiation of treatment. Survival of HIV‐infected infants depends on a robust early infant diagnosis (EID) system that allows for tracking of…

February 5, 2018

IndiKit aims to make monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of relief and development interventions easier and better - by helping humanitarian and development workers to use well-formulated project indicators and to correctly collect and analyse the data required for each indicator.

This toolkit aims to help international health programs integrate a gender perspective in their monitoring and evaluation (M&E) activities, measures, and reporting. 

It is designed for use by health program staff working in various health sectors (such as HIV; malaria; reproductive,…

The Pediatric-Adolescent Treatment Africa (PATA) and the Positive Action for Children Fund (PACF) have worked across 9 countries and facilitated 36 clinic-community collaborations through their partnership on the three-year Clinic-CBO Collaboration (C3) Programme, which aims to…

HIV infection continues to pose a critical risk to health in many countries. UNAIDS estimates that as of 2016 the total HIV-infected population was 36.7 million, including 1.8 million people newly infected that year. Although some 19.5 million people are receiving antiretroviral treatment, a…

The Urban Adolescent Social and Behavior Change Communication Implementation Kit (I-Kit) provides a selection of Essential Elements and tools to guide the creation, or strengthening, of sexual and reproductive health (…

Digital innovations with internet/mobile phones offer a potential cost-saving solution for overburdened health systems with high service delivery costs to improve efficiency of HIV/STI (sexually transmitted infections) control initiatives. However, their overall evidence has not yet been…

Observational studies have shown considerable attrition among adolescents living with HIV across the "cascade" of HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa, leading to higher mortality rates compared to HIV-infected adults or children. We synthesized evidence from qualitative studies on factors that…

Evidence on sexual risk-taking among HIV-positive adolescents and youth in sub-Saharan Africa is urgently needed. This systematic review synthesizes the extant research on prevalence, factors associated with, and interventions to reduce sexual risk-taking among HIV-positive adolescents and youth…

To improve antiretroviral coverage (ART) and help reach the 90-90-90 treatment targets, differentiated approaches to care are necessary, including reduced frequency of clinic visits for stable patients. Given the paucity of data regarding the impact of differentiated care models on pediatric…

Shifts to less frequent clinic visits and medication pick-ups to free up healthcare resources and make life easier for people living with HIV are being implemented successfully in some African countries, but still need fine tuning, several studies presented on Monday at the …

The following abstract was presented as part of a poster dicussion session on viral reservoirs at the 9th IAS Conference on HIV Science (IAS 2017).

Background: In the 6-year CHER trial (2005-2011), HIV-infected infants were randomized to deferred antiretroviral therapy (…

HIV self-testing (HIVST) is a discreet and convenient way to reach people with HIV who do not know their status, including many who may not otherwise test. To inform World Health Organization (WHO) guidance, we assessed the effect of HIVST on uptake and frequency of testing, as well as…

Mounting evidence suggests that laws and policies prohibiting illegal drug use could have a central role in shaping health outcomes among people who inject drugs (PWID). To date, no systematic review has characterised the influence of laws and legal frameworks prohibiting drug use on HIV…