Resource Library

This photo story, about implementing the CHARISMA intervention pilot in Johannesburg, South Africa, illustrates how the pilot unfolded, starting with CHARISMA lay counselors conducting relationship assessments in 2016 with women using the vaginal dapivirine ring for HIV prevention in the MTN-025…

This case study is about the Consortium of MSM and Transgender Networks (the Consortium), a groundbreaking collaboration of global and regional networks by and for men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people. It describes the Consortium’s achievements, good practices and lessons…

Global experts recognize the need to transform conventional models of healthcare to create adolescent responsive health systems. As countries near 80% coverage of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for those aged 15–49 years, prioritization of younger men becomes critical to VMMC…

Condoms have long been an important tool in preventing not only the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, but also preventing unwanted pregnancies. How can we expand these services and improve their usage? AIDSFree has pulled together over a dozen essential resources on…

In late 2015, the Linkages Across the Continuum of HIV Services for Key Populations (LINKAGES) project established a global acceleration initiative to fast-track and strengthen delivery of a comprehensive package of health services for key populations (KPs) at scale. In this context, “…

HIV infection continues to pose a critical risk to health in many countries. UNAIDS estimates that as of 2016 the total HIV-infected population was 36.7 million, including 1.8 million people newly infected that year. Although some 19.5 million people are receiving antiretroviral treatment, a…

In all countries where there is an HIV epidemic, certain subgroups of the population are at greater risk of HIV than others. These “key” populations include female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender people, and people who inject drugs.

While biological and…

Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a promising new prevention approach for those most at risk of HIV infection. However, there are concerns that behavioural disinhibition, specifically reductions in condom use, might limit PrEP's protective effect. This study uses the case of female sex…

The current low rates of HIV diagnosis and treatment initiation among adolescents and young people ages 15-24 continues to present a significant challenge to the epidemic control of HIV. With a ‘business as usual’ approach to HIV testing and linkage to treatment, new infections among adolescents…

Scarce data are available on the epidemiology of hypertension among HIV patients in rural sub-Saharan Africa. We explored the prevalence, incidence and risk factors for incident hypertension among patients who were enrolled in a rural HIV cohort in Tanzania.

AIDS-related illness is the leading cause of mortality for adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. Together, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda account for 21% of HIV-infected adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. The United Nations framework for addressing the epidemic among adolescents calls for…

This supplement of JAIDS provides a compilation of health promoters and their professional allies' experiences in the field of HIV care and prevention. It is an extension and follow-up to the 2014 JAIDS Supplement entitled “Health Communication Strategies in Combination HIV…

Although Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) infection may cause extrapulmonary disease in HIV-infected adults, HIV-associated hepatic TB has been poorly characterized. Our objective was to describe hepatic TB in HIV-infected adults.

The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) case study was undertaken by the National Population Unit (NPU) to assess the activities that are run by the organisation OUT. This study forms part of 10 such studies with regard to youth which was undertaken by the NPU. The study…

The Pathways to High Adherence manual was designed for research teams that are involved in supporting adherence to use of antiretroviral-based vaginal rings in HIV prevention clinical trials. Much of the content is also applicable to clinical trials of other HIV prevention products,…

As PEPFAR writes in its five-year strategy, "Successful prevention programs require a combination of evidence-based, mutually reinforcing biomedical, behavioral, and structural interventions." This Prevention Knowledge Base topic provides an overview of combination prevention, current peer-…

This Knowledge Map for the HIV and AIDS Response in Namibia brings together the multisectoral HIV programme’s key outputs and themes. It provides relevant information to all actors – government, civil society, corporations, academia, beneficiaries – seeking to advance HIV prevention by working…

This is a powerpoint presentation by Teresa Betancourt on family-based prevention of mental health problems in children affected by HIV and AIDS – an example from Rwanda.

The prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and tuberculosis are higher in prisons than in the general population in most countries worldwide. Prisons have emerged as a risk environment for these infections to be further concentrated, amplified, and then transmitted to the…

The burden of HIV/AIDS and other transmissible diseases is higher in prison and jail settings than in the non-incarcerated communities that surround them. In this comprehensive review, we discuss available literature on the topic of clinical management of people infected with HIV, hepatitis B…

The prison setting presents not only challenges, but also opportunities, for the prevention and treatment of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis. We did a comprehensive literature search of data published between 2005 and 2015 to understand the global epidemiology of HIV, hepatitis C virus (…

Timely access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) is vital to ensuring safe motherhood and reducing vertical transmission. Treatment guidance and programming has changed dramatically in recent years. While progress has been made in improving maternal health, more is needed, including efforts to…

Prisoners and detainees worldwide have higher burdens of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis than the communities from which they come. This disease burden among prisoners has been recognised since the early years of these inter-related pandemics. Yet the health needs of prisoners receive…

MANET+, the national coordinating body for community-based support groups in Malawi, was founded in 1997 by a group of PLHIV who recognized the need to organize their activities to achieve greater impact on national HIV policies. This case study analyzes the engagement of CSOs in PMTCT policy…

The AIDSFree Guidance Database now includes up-to-date HIV/TB co-infection country guidelines. Use this interactive database to prepare guideline revisions for a specific country, conduct research and product development, prepare training materials for health care personnel, write proposals and…

Condoms remain a key component of evidence-based, high-impact HIV prevention programs. To add to the limited evidence on condom counseling in the context of biomedical interventions, AIDSFree conducted a study that closely examined approaches for providing condom services, and the quality of…

The Prevention Update is an online library that provides a sample of summaries and abstracts of recent published articles on global HIV prevention issues from a variety of scientific, peer-reviewed journals. It also includes state-of-the-art program resources, such as tools, curricula, program…

This supplement to Acta Paediatrica presents a series of meta-analyses and systematic literature reviews examining a variety of health effects potentially related to breastfeeding. The authors carefully study a wide breadth of the literature to describe current…