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According to the recent Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes Study (ECHO) (Box 1) (1), the incidence of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remains high among adolescent girls and women in parts of East and Southern Africa. But, there and elsewhere,…

Without addressing HIV-related stigma and discrimination, the world will not achieve the goal of ending AIDS as a public health threat by 2030.

Over the last several years, countries in the eastern and southern Africa (ESA) region have made significant and commendable progress in preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV and in scaling up HIV treatment efforts. However, despite these gains, there have been no significant…

To understand how HIV stigma operates and how it can be reduced, researchers need a standardised measurement framework. 

Stigma increases vulnerability to HIV infection and hampers prevention efforts. In 1987, the director of the WHO Global Programme on AIDS described HIV stigma as the ‘…

Prisoners and detainees worldwide have higher burdens of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis than the communities from which they come. This disease burden among prisoners has been recognised since the early years of these inter-related pandemics. Yet the health needs of prisoners receive…

This health policy analysis responds to a call for research into the process through which the interests of women who have sex with women (WSW) have been represented in South African HIV and AIDS policy considering the context of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people, as well as women’s…

Despite numerous international treaties and commitments to protect the health rights of migrants, this population still faces significant barriers in their access to TB care. Migration, which is driven by a number of complex economic, social, political and environmental factors, is a determinant…