Resource Library

COVID-19 is a serious disease and all people living with HIV should take all recommended preventive measures to minimize exposure to, and prevent infection by, the virus that causes COVID-19. As in the general population, older people living with HIV or people living with HIV with heart or lung…

Right now, we are facing an unpredictable and highly dynamic situation as a global community. However, as we have seen from the solidarity, support and power of communities in the HIV epidemic and already in communities responding to the COVID-19 pandemic…

As COVID-19 disrupts health systems and impacts human health globally, it is crucial to protect those most affected by COVID-19, sustain gains made to address other infectious diseases, and maintain people’s access to life-saving health services. One of the most prominent priorities during the…

Many national HIV programs face workforce challenges that hinder the sustainable achievement of 95-95-95 targets. Challenges for health and social service workers include: shortages; maldistribution; competency gaps or inappropriate skills mix; poor allocation of staff and tasks; high turnover;…

One-C is a community-based program that seeks to increase utilization of HIV services, improve linkages to services at the community level, and encourage the adoption of HIV risk reduction behaviors. Find out about the quantitative and qualitative results emerging from SOAR’s…

The impact and efficiency of HIV testing services can be further improved by targeting testing in networks of PLHIV who are not yet virally suppressed. This new project brief from the LINKAGES projects provides clear and concise…

4Children Lesotho completed this learning brief to document the experience of transitioning a large USAID-funded orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) project from one USAID grantee to another. In the past several years, PEPFAR countries have transitioned OVC programs to new partners or new…

Johanna Theunissen, Communications Officer at Technical Support to PEPFAR Programs (TSP), Baylor College of Medicine Children’s Foundation Malawi, presented at the 2019 South African AIDS Conference (SA AIDS 2019) on the innovative use of technology through SHARE's online platform and social…

More adolescents and young adults living with HIV are surviving into adulthood. As a result they must transition from pediatric health services to HIV self-management and adult care. This change is particularly important as many young people have poor adherence to treatment, leading to low rates…

Significant resources have created strong ‘test and treat’ programs globally. What about those who test HIV negative? How can we strengthen linkage of HIV-negative individuals to prevention programs in ways that work for them? In our recently completed Test-And-Prevent Analysis, the OPTIONS…

This online platform provides summaries of the highlights presented at the 9th International Workshop on HIV & Women.The meeting highlights will effectively summarize the most important new data presented at the workshop  and analyse their impact on clinical practice and the future of…

The DREAMS (Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored, and Safe) Partnership aims to significantly reduce HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW). DREAMS is groundbreaking in its commitment to deliver evidence-informed approaches that go beyond the health sector…

Information from community-based health programs is important for understanding what HIV programs are doing to test, treat, and retain in care people who are living with HIV. However, until now there has been no centralized registry of community-based indicators that would allow programs to…

We assessed the relationship between distance to clinic and progression through the HIV care cascade. We have two key findings. First, distance matters but only for women. Second, for women, distance affected linkage to care, but was not associated with later transitions in the care cascade. It…

Though condom use is now higher than ever before, key gaps remain in countries and in certain populations, where use has stagnated or even decreased. To address these gaps, UNFPA in 2016 spearheaded the creation of the “20 by 20 Initiative,” a multisectoral effort to increase the number of…

The 2018 International AIDS Conference called attention to men’s low uptake of HIV testing services (HTS) and the need for greater efforts to ensure men know their status and link to treatment if they test positive for HIV. As a first step to better understanding the barriers…

Project SOAR has synthesized its learnings to-date from integrating a gender lens into its implementation science research. Our gender analysis highlights findings from across studies that are:

The Population Council leads Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Girls and Women Thrive—a UKAID-funded research programme to help end female genital…

The Accelerating Children’s HIV/AIDS Treatment (ACT) Initiative was a public-private partnership that expanded pediatric HIV services in nine sub-Saharan African countries from 2014-2016, providing treatment to more than 560,000 children living with HIV. The ACT Initiative was implemented by…

Uganda has experienced cases of tetanus in the safe male circumcision (SMC) program for HIV prevention. Gulu district begun implementation of tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccination of men prior to SMC in 2015. However, there is concern that the introduction of the vaccine in SMC may lead to reduced…

Lesotho's HIV prevalence among pregnant women is 28%. In 2013, Lesotho's Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) program adopted Option B+ and revitalized the village health worker (VHW) program to strengthen community level PMTCT. The national goal was to test 95% of HIV-exposed…

Swaziland has one of the highest adult HIV prevalence rates worldwide, 27%; with approximately 200,000 people 15 years and older living with HIV. Swaziland and many other countries in sub-Saharan Africa have adopted universal test-and-treat (UTT) policies. As the number of people needing and…

The extraordinary scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is expected to reduce the rate of new HIV infections at the population level. In this study, we calculated the incidence of HIV for males and females using data from a complete South African population.

The Africa Health Research…

An essential first step in caring for HIV-infected children is accurate and early diagnosis of HIV, early HIV testing, prompt return of results, and rapid initiation of treatment. Survival of HIV‐infected infants depends on a robust early infant diagnosis (EID) system that allows for tracking of…

February 5, 2018

Project SOAR conducts HIV operations research around the world to identify practical solutions to improve HIV prevention, care, and treatment services. This collaborative five-year project (2014–2019), funded by the U. S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief and the U. S. Agency for…

HIV infection continues to pose a critical risk to health in many countries. UNAIDS estimates that as of 2016 the total HIV-infected population was 36.7 million, including 1.8 million people newly infected that year. Although some 19.5 million people are receiving antiretroviral treatment, a…

To improve antiretroviral coverage (ART) and help reach the 90-90-90 treatment targets, differentiated approaches to care are necessary, including reduced frequency of clinic visits for stable patients. Given the paucity of data regarding the impact of differentiated care models on pediatric…