Resource Library

More adolescents and young adults living with HIV are surviving into adulthood. As a result they must transition from pediatric health services to HIV self-management and adult care. This change is particularly important as many young people have poor adherence to treatment, leading to low rates…

OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and magnitude of chronic lung disease (CLD) and its association with empiric anti-tuberculosis treatment (due to lack of bacteriologic confirmation) among recurrent tuberculosis (TB) survivors in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalent…

INTRODUCTION: Zimbabwe has made substantial progress towards the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) targets of 90-90-90 by 2020, with 73% of people living with HIV diagnosed, 87% of those diagnosed on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and 86% of those on ART virally…

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the extent of and factors associated with incorrect dosing of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV-infected children in Harare, Zimbabwe.

METHODS: All children aged 0-10 years and children aged 11-17…

BACKGROUND: WHO recommends that HIV infected women receive antiretroviral therapy (ART) minimally during pregnancy and breastfeeding ("Option B"), or ideally throughout their lives regardless of clinical stage ("Option B+") (Coovadia et al., Lancet 379:221-228, 2012). Although…

OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) patients who accessed second-line drug susceptibility testing (SL-DST) results following introduction of the Hain technology in southern provinces, Zimbabwe.

DESIGN:

Providing HIV testing at health facilities remains the most common approach to ensuring access to HIV treatment and prevention services for the millions of undiagnosed HIV-infected individuals in sub-Saharan Africa. We sought to explore the costs of providing these services across three southern…

On the sidelines of the 2017 United Nations General Assembly, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson announced the new PEPFAR Strategy for Accelerating HIV/AIDS Epidemic Control (2017-2020). New data show that the HIV epidemic is coming under control in five African countries (Lesotho, Malawi,…

The AIDSFree HIV Testing Services (HTS) Guidance Database has been updated with new guidelines from many PEPFAR priority countries. The database features HTS guidelines & policies on consent and confidentiality, testing algorithms & strategies, use of mandatory testing, quality assurance…

This multi-country trial examined outcomes among treatment-naïve adults and children with CD4 counts below 100 who were given enhanced antimicrobial prophylaxis including trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, isoniazid-pyridoxine, fluconazole, azithromycin, and albendazole in addition to antiretroviral…

Rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) for HIV infection have high sensitivity and specificity, but in the setting of longstanding antiretroviral therapy (ART), can give false results that can lead to misinterpretation, confusion and inadequate management. The objective of this study was to evaluate the…

In view of expanding 'test and treat' initiatives, we sought to elicit how the experience of HIV testing influenced subsequent engagement in HIV care among people diagnosed with HIV.

We conducted in-depth interviews in Uganda, South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya, Malawi and Zimbabwe with 5-10…

Female sex workers (FSW) in sub-Saharan Africa have a higher prevalence of HIV than other women of reproductive age. Social, legal, and structural barriers influence their access to care. Little is known about the HIV diagnosis and care cascade in most countries in southern Africa. We aimed to…

To understand the uptake of HIV services by adolescent women, the authors conducted a retrospective analysis of patient-level data (2011–2013) on services for antenatal care (ANC) and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) in 36 facilities in 5 districts in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe's…

Few low-income countries have virological monitoring widely available. We estimated the virological durability of first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) after five years of follow-up among adult Ugandan and Zimbabwean patients in the DART study, in which virological assays were conducted…

This report presents progress made after two years of implementation of the ESA Commitment (2013-2015). Significant progress has already been made thanks to concerted action by governments, civil society, and development partners at national and regional level.

The data presented was…

DREAMS is an ambitious $385 million partnership to reduce HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women in 10 sub-Saharan African countries. The goal of DREAMS is to help girls develop into Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored, and Safe women. Girls and young women…

Introduction:

Counselling services are recommended by the World Health Organization and have been partially adopted by national HIVguidelines. In settings with a high HIV burden, patient education and counselling is often performed by lay workers, mainly supported with…

The AIDSFree HIV Testing Services Community of Practice provides a forum to connect with and learn from peers working in HIV testing services around the world. Community members ask questions, share lessons learned, access the latest literature and news in HIV testing, and learn from experts—…

This Global Plan provides the foundation for country-led movement towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children and keeping their mothers alive. The Global Plan was developed through a consultative process by a high level Global Task Team convened by UNAIDS and co-chaired by…

The Southern African HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAfAIDS), with support from the Knowledge for Health (K4Health) project, conducted a series of national HIV information needs assessments in southern Africa to support the planning and development of a knowledge management program.…