Resource Library

INTRODUCTION: HIV testing male partners of pregnant and postpartum women can lead to improved health outcomes for women, partners and infants.…

Several tools have been developed to collect information on health facility preparedness to provide sexual violence response services; however, little guidance exists on how this information can be used to better understand which functions a facility can perform. Our study therefore aims to…

Men's relatively low rates of HIV testing has been termed the 'HIV blind spot' and recently declared by UNAIDS as a top priority. This study uses data from five nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys in Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, and Zimbabwe to explore factors…

Increased coverage of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is needed in countries with high HIV prevalence. We applied an HIV-prevention cascade to identify gaps in male circumcision coverage in Zambia. We used survey data collected in 2013 and 2014/15 to describe circumcision coverage at…

BACKGROUND: This observational study describes implementation of HIV retesting of HIV-negative women in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services in Zambia.

METHODS: Uptake of retesting and PMTCT services were compared across age,…

The focus of HIV interventions in Botswana, a country with the second highest prevalence of HIV in the world, remains targeted at those aged 15-49 years despite a growing cohort of older people living with the disease - driven largely by the successful roll-out of antiretroviral therapy (ART).…

Infographic showing that violence and HIV are mutually reinforcing epidemics. 

BACKGROUND: HPTN071 (PopART) is a 3-arm community-randomised study in 21 peri-urban/urban communities in Zambia and the Western Cape of South…

This operations research study evaluated a pilot mobile phone-based referral system for survivors of gender-based violence (GBV) in Botswana. Through a quasi-experimental design, researchers sought to improve understanding of the process and results of that country’s Gender-Based Violence…

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Background

Co-trimoxazole prophylaxis reduces mortality among HIV-infected children, but efficacy in HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) children in a non-malarial, low-breastfeeding setting with a low risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV is unclear…

Infants exposed to an antiretroviral regimen of tenofovir, emtricitabine and efavirenz (Atripla) from conception experienced fewer adverse birth outcomes compared to other three-drug regimens, according to a study of births in Botswana between 2014 and 2016, presented on Tuesday at the …

This report presents progress made after two years of implementation of the ESA Commitment (2013-2015). Significant progress has already been made thanks to concerted action by governments, civil society, and development partners at national and regional level.

The data presented was…

Many countries are working to reduce or eliminate mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Prevention efforts have been conceptualized as steps in a cascade but cascade completion rates during and after pregnancy are low.

A cross-sectional survey was performed across 26 communities in…

Most men and their partners reported increased or the same levels of sexual pleasure and improved or no change in penile hygiene post-VMMC. While half of men reported increased or no change in sexual…

DREAMS is an ambitious $385 million partnership to reduce HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women in 10 sub-Saharan African countries. The goal of DREAMS is to help girls develop into Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored, and Safe women. Girls and young women…

Objective: We estimate facility-level average annual costs per client along the HIV testing and counselling (HTC) and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) service cascades.

Design: Data collected covered the period 2011–2012…

The Safety and Security Project within Hivos’s (Humanist Institute for Cooperation with Developing Countries) LGBTI Programme aims to ensure that LGBTI persons are able to live and work within safe communities without the fear of persecution, physical or property harm or intimidation, and with…

The role of STIs in the transmission dynamics of HIV epidemics is paradoxical and complex. Population-based studies have found that both the prevalence and incidence of HIV were substantially higher among people with STIs. However, randomized trials have found STI treatment to have little to no…

This document includes:
 
  • A Strategic Development Summary (SDS) narrative communicating the epidemiologic and country/regional context; methods used for programmatic design; findings of integrated data analysis; and strategic direction for the investments and programs…

This document includes:

  •  A Strategic Development Summary (SDS) narrative communicating the epidemiologic and country/regional context; methods used for programmatic design; findings of integrated data analysis; and strategic direction for the investments and programs. 
  •  …

This review is composed of three assessment studies in relation to HIV and AIDS in Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa and Swaziland, and explores health seeking attitudes of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and what mechanisms and/or proposals the five countries have put in place to…

The Global Fund requires all Country Coordinating Mechanisms (CCMs) to have representatives of key affected populations (KAPs) - sex workers, drug users, MSM, transgender and others.  This survey interviewed members of CCMs in 6 countries in southern Africa (Swaziland, Lesotho, South Africa,…

O objectivo desta ficha é de resumir as evidências mais recentes sobre a Prevenção da Transmissão Vertical (PTV) do VIH num formato acessível para os decisores e para servir de base para as discussões dos estados membro da SADC com o derradeiro objectivo de melhorar as políticas, programas e…

With new prevention strategies on the horizon and HIV incidence stabilizing or declining in many parts of the world, the tides are beginning to turn on the HIV epidemic. Between 2002 and 2010, new HIV infections globally declined from 3.1 million to 2.7 million. However, 33.3 million people…

WHO updates HIV treatment guidance for pregnant women and preventing HIV infection in babies

 

With little fanfare, the World Health Organization (WHO) recently published a “…