Toolbox for conducting integrated HIV bio-behavioral surveillance (IBBS) in key populations

September 8, 2015

This toolbox is for governments, nongovernmental organizations, and private researchers who wish to implement IBBS surveys for key populations at higher risk for HIV infection. The toolbox features two methods

  • Time location sampling (TLS)
  • Respondent driven sampling (RDS)

These methods focus on three key populations at high risk for HIV infection:

  • Female sex workers (FSW)
  • Men who have sex with men (MSM)
  • Persons who inject drugs (PWID)

These tools are easily modifiable for other sampling designs as appropriate.

key populations, surveillance, tool, bio-behavioral surveillance