Purpose: PEPFAR-funded programs require rigorous monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in order to determine whether they are meeting their objectives, being implemented as planned, and are efficient in terms of using resources wisely to achieve desired public health outcomes.
Providing HIV testing at health facilities remains the most common approach to ensuring access to HIV treatment and prevention services for the millions of undiagnosed HIV-infected individuals in sub-Saharan Africa.
This multi-country trial examined outcomes among treatment-naïve adults and children with CD4 counts below 100 who were given enhanced antimicrobial prophylaxis including trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, isoniazid-pyridoxine, fluconazole, azithromycin, and albendazole in addition to antiretroviral
Couples' HIV testing and counselling (CHTC) is associated with greater engagement with HIV prevention and care than individual testing and is cost-effective, but uptake remains suboptimal. Initiating discussion of CHTC might result in distrust between partners.
Alcohol use and depression negatively impact adherence, retention in care, and HIV progression, and people living with HIV (PLWH) have disproportionately higher depression rates. In developing countries, more than 76% of people with mental health issues receive no treatment.