Rapid diagnostic testing has made HIV diagnosis and subsequent treatment more accessible. However, multiple factors, including improper implementation of testing strategies and clerical errors, have been reported to lead to HIV misdiagnosis.
Purpose: The evidence is compelling – male circumcision (MC) reduces female-to-male transmission of HIV by approximately 60%. MC provides additional "back-up" protection to methods such as abstinence, being faithful/partner reduction, and using condoms.
Swaziland has the highest national HIV prevalence worldwide. The Swaziland HIV Incidence Measurement Survey (SHIMS) provides the first national HIV incidence estimate based on prospectively observed HIV seroconversions.
In The Lancet HIV, Jessica Justman and colleagues provide HIV incidence rates for Swaziland from a national 6 month follow-up study, making an important contribution to understanding the dynamics of the HIV epidemic in this small southern African country with a population of 1·25 million
The government of the Kingdom of Swaziland recognizes that it must urgently scale up HIV prevention interventions, such as voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC). Swaziland has adopted a 2-phase approach to male circumcision scale-up.
DREAMS is an ambitious $385 million partnership to reduce HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women in 10 sub-Saharan African countries. The goal of DREAMS is to help girls develop into Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored, and Safe women.
Purpose: Quality HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment programs depend on the availability of individuals and organizations with appropriate M&E experience and skills as well as adequate infrastructure and resources.
Purpose: Surveillance plays a fundamental role in public health. HIV surveillance systems monitor the magnitude and trends in the prevalence of infection and risk behavior. Data from HIV surveillance systems are used for evidence-based program planning.